It is obviously a shock when we printed the facts with our noses. With one and a half kilos of microbes such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and archaea we carry. You do not see them but they are there, everyone contributes so with a hundred billion of them. On the skin, in the mouth, in the mucous membranes in your nasal cavity and respiratory tract, and in the intestines. We have even more cells of micro-organisms in the body than human cells. However, we carry those bacteria not without reason with us.
The human microbiome
Microbes in the mouth
Of all the organisms on Earth is 99% unicellular. The collection of bacteria, fungi, viruses and other micro-organisms which a man carries with it, is called the human microbiome. Bacteria were once seen primarily as disease tankers had to be treated with antibiotics. Today, we know better. They affect many processes in the body and determine largely how our bodies function and whether we stay healthy or become ill. The microbiome helps the immune system to defend against malicious microorganisms from outside. Everywhere where the body comes into contact with the outside world live microbes.
A complete collection of microorganisms that live in and on our bodies plus the genetic material that they carry with them was that the field of "the Human Microbiome Project". This project, which began in 2008, over two hundred scientists have been working for five years and they have established as the entire human microbiome. The project has so far been more than 1300 different species of microbes in and identified the body.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA
The mouth is a gathering place for bacteria, or as a 700 different species. Many bacteria enter through the mouth into the food and breathing. Below are bacteria responsible for gum disease, bad breath and bacteria that attack the enamel of our teeth. But fortunately there are lots of good bacteria in our mouth that suppress harmful bacteria. A healthy mouth has a good balance between good and bad bacteria. The majority that inhabited the mouth its bacteriophages. Bacteriophages are bacterial killing viruses.
In humans, the skin is considered to be the largest organ. The human skin has approximately eight million bacteria per square centimeter. There are nearly 200 distinct bacterial species, but the composition may vary individually. These bacteria are essential for healthy skin. The skin is the first line of defense against the outside world. In everything we touch we exchange microbes. These are both benign and malignant microbes. On the skin carry bacteria constantly fight against harmful bacteria so they do not get a foothold. The huidmbioom is like a fingerprint unique to each person.
Also through our airways we are in contact with the outside world. Our airways are mucous membranes that produce mucus and thus filter the air you breathe. This nice warm slime is a perfect place for many species of microbes. Both bacteria, viruses, bacteriophages and fungi like to come here. As soon as one makes the mucus inhale air ensure that the bacteria from the air attach themselves to the mucus. Here the immune system, in cooperation with our body's microbes that harmful bacteria are harmless.
In the gut is the largest concentration of microbes that the body has. This is where 99% of our personal microbiome. They are located mainly in the colon and these play a very important role in digestion. They provide the breakdown of nutrients that the body can not break down. They also produce hormones and vitamins. What bacteria occur in the intestines is entirely dependent on the diet of a person. For example, people eat a lot of cheese and meats there will be little bacteria that break down plant fibers. But get one over on another diet than the intestinal flora will adapt within a few days on this new diet.
Another useful tip: do not be alarmed, but our relief consists of 50% from intestinal bacteria.
The genitals of microbes are an interesting place to spend his time, especially the female genitals. Here, bacteria play an important role in the health of a woman. The vagina has an acidity of 4.0 to 4.5 ph ph and is thus considerably acidic. Vinegar here has been compared to an acidity of pH 3. On the lining of the vagina are lactic acid bacteria. These bacteria produce lactic acid. Many pathogens, however, susceptible to an acidic environment, and these pathogens this acidic environment will therefore go out of the way.
Also on the male sex organ will be a large variety of microbes in front of, or less diverse than in the vagina. Also, the amount of microbes is highly dependent on the fact whether the circumcised male it is or not. It is not only the skin of the penis which bacteria life, as evidenced by recent research, but also that they occur in the urinary tract.