That's it, pollens are in the air! Runny nose, sneezing and watery eyes ... solutions to not let allergic rhinitis spoil her daily.
1. Take an antihistamine without waiting
"This is the best treatment to relieve most symptoms: sneezing, itchy nose and eyes, discharge, although it is somewhat less effective on nasal congestion," says Dr. Sophie Silcret-Grieu, allergist. To be quiet in the day, take one tablet daily during the pollen period.
There are over the counter in box 7 seals. They troubleshoot in case of allergic reaction punctual but if the discomfort lasts more than a week, it is better to be prescribed an antihistamine throughout the course. Bilastine is available by prescription. Antihistamines second generation rarely cause drowsiness.
Read also: Eight antihistamines to relieve allergies
2. Stalking pollens in real time
The right reflex, if one knows what one is allergic pollen is to learn about their presence via the website or app RNSA Alerts Pollens. Knowing that a peak is announced can take an antihistamine the day to be quiet.
Read also: France Map of pollens 2015: warning birch pollen this week
3. Do not let them settle home
At the end of the day, his face flush with water removes particles clinging to the eyelashes and eyebrows; wash your hair or if this is too restrictive, brush above the sink. "These mechanical movements decreased symptoms whose intensity is related to the concentration and time of exposure to pollen," says allergist.
To avoid contaminating the interior, better change clothes after a walk or a picnic.
4. Soothe her eyes
When the eyes are red or watery, they should be cleaned regularly with a saline or eye drops to dislodge pollen. If that is not enough, an antiallergic eye drops available without a prescription can bring quick relief but remain short. This operation must be repeated several times per day.
5. Uncorking his nose gently
If we have blocked nose, the focus on a nasal spray containing corticosteroids, use one to two times a day: "They have an immediate anti-inflammatory effect on the nasal cavity," says Alain Breckler, pharmacist. They can be used daily, but better stop a few days in case of infection or bleeding.
"However, we must banish vasoconstrictor. They bring the sensation of breathing better, but they are not suitable to allergic rhinitis often lasting several weeks. But we must not take them more than two to four days, "warns Dr. Silcret-Grieu. Drugs combining antihistamine and pseudoephedrine are used exceptionally.
6. Remove the pollen As
Complete a nose wash several times daily to eliminate progressively pollens that accumulate on the mucosa. For this, use saline or saltwater spray and
allow to flow through the nostril. "Those are enriched in sulfur interesting to repair the nasal mucosa weakened in chronic rhinitis," adds Alain Breckler.
7. Aerate at the right time
To renew the indoor air while avoiding the invasion of pollen, "aerate 10-15 minutes early in the morning or at the very end of the day when the pollen load in the air is less important," said Dr. Silcret -Grieu.
8. Protect mucous membranes
Sprays or nasal creams based on vegetable oils form a protective film on the nasal mucosa and prevent pollen from entering into contact with it.
"Although there is a lack of clinical studies on their effectiveness, the principle of creating a mechanical barrier against pollen is not silly, it's worth trying," said allergist. To be applied before going out, and put before each pass on the outside, eg on the way to work.
9. By car, preferring aircon
Pollen season in full, no way to roll the windows open! It is preferable to favor air conditioning if it is hot. To protect well, you have to check the anti-pollen filter cabin every year and change it if it is clogged.
10. Next year ahead!
Desensitization is the only treatment that acts on the allergic reaction itself and not just the symptoms. It must be initiated four months before the season
pollen or around October / November for tree pollen, and December / January for grass pollen.
Read also: Allergy: desensitization step by step