A number of bodies in a nutshell

Health DrewNoGo August 8, 2016 1 0
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There are many organs in our body, each with their own function. The bodies together ensure that our bodies can function properly. The most famous organs with important functions are described in this article.

Muscles

Basically consist organs of muscles. These muscles consist of different groups, and all groups have their own function, which together again, for example, can make an operating organ. We distinguish different muscles:
  • smooth muscle -> involuntary so tireless muscle, these muscles are among others in the walls of hollow organs.
  • striated muscle -> is a voluntary muscle which means that it is easily fatigued. These muscles are literally striated and they provide connections between, for example the skin and bones.
  • heart muscle -> this is an involuntary muscle that resembles the striated muscle. This ensures the Pomping Heart

The heart

This consists of a left atrium, left ventricle, right atrium and right ventricle. The heart makes for the circulation of blood in our body. The oxygenated blood comes in and when it is pumped around the body ends up oxygen in the right ventricle. In the body are three types of veins:
  • the artery that supplies blood from the heart is pumping off
  • that brings the vein allow blood to the heart
  • capillaries that provide for the connection between the artery and ADERE
The blood has a transport function, as well, there exists the smaller this circulation ensures exclusively for gas exchange. Blood is composed of plasma and blood cells, which can be divided into:
  • the red blood cells -> provide oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, and controlling the acidity
  • the white blood cells -> care of the immune system
  • platelets -> provide blood clotting
The portal vein causes the blood containing nutrients word pumped to the liver.

The liver

The liver acts as a kind of storage facility for blood and nutrients. In the liver, bile also get created and all the nutrients also be purified. Thanks to its functions, the liver emits so much heat that the liver actually determines our body temperature.

The gallbladder

In the gallbladder bile become stored bile is released when duodenem. Bile emulsifies fats, causing the vetmolecule can be captured and neutralizes stomach acid.

Pancreas

This makes insulin, a hormone that causes the sugar level in the body remains good. Also separate the pancreatic juice alvleeskleir off at the duodenem. The word secreted in an inactive form because this juice is very aggressive for bodies.

The kidneys

These control the composition of body fluids. They worry that harmful / unnecessary substances such as urea and electrolytes excreted. The kidneys are made up of:
  • renal cortex
  • kidney medulla
  • renal pelvic cavity

The lungs

Through the air pipe which branches into two tubes called the bronchi in the lungs, there will be oxygen. In the lungs are long twigs sprouting again in alveoli. For the alveoli are a network of capillaries where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. The pulmonary arteries carry oxygenated blood and the pulmonary veins carry the oxygen-rich blood to the heart from the lunge increasing.

Lymph nodes

This brings lymph and blood vessels against each other. Lymph get fed to the heart but not circulated. Lymph therefore only flows toward the heart. In the lymph nodes are lymphocytes that act as filters also be added to anti-bodies.

The brain

Consist of large brains which are connected to the brainstem. In the big brains is located a sort of memory and behavior center, they perceive things through our senses. It also has small brains these only provide muscle coordination.
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