Acquired brain injury is the collective name for all types of brain damage that did not, have occurred during or shortly after birth. This article describes the different causes of brain injury short, you can also read about the consequences and rehabilitation after acquired brain injury.
Traumatic brain injury
For example, this may be the result of a fall with the head on the ground or in a car accident in which one folded in with the head against the windscreen for example. Also, violent actions such as a blow to the head, a pistol shot to the head or stabbing in the head cause brain injury
Brain damage as a result of trauma may be primary, a damage caused by the original trauma that occurs at the moment of impact. In addition to this damage may also occur a secondary damage, this is caused by events in the brains after trauma, for example, bleeding, increased pressure or edema.
Not traumatic brain injury
Not traumatic brain damage occurs as a result of an underlying disease. Examples include bacterial or viral infection, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Altzheimer's disease, tumors, drugs or excessive alcohol use, Creutzfeld-Jacob and oxygen deficiency. In all these diseases, the brains greater or lesser extent are damaged and this damage is irreparable.
Consequences for the person himself
Because the severity and location of the brain injury can vary from person also does not have anyone with NAH the same phenomena and effects. Many people with N.A.H. have difficulties with motor skills, such as walking or control of the hands. There will also be fatigue, headaches and concentration problems common. In addition, a person with N.A.H. suffer from memory problems, slow thinking and difficulty talking. In addition to physical limitations, many people with brain injury especially in the first period after the injury suffered from depression and loss of self-confidence.
Many people with N.A.H. also have problems with scheduling tasks for the brain after all these tasks were done faster than after brain damage. This can lead especially in the period immediately after the occurrence of the brain to much frustration.
Implications for the environment
In addition to the consequences for the person who N.A.H. has, of course there are also consequences for the surrounding area. Because the brain is changing the person may also not all people with brain injury all independent and still do have some people here so help is needed. For the immediate vicinity, parents, brothers / sisters, spouse, children, it can also be very difficult to accept that the person they knew for the NAH has completely changed.
The goal of the rehabilitation is to ensure that the quality of life of the person is as good as possible. This will be achieved that the person be independent as much as possible, for this is not only guidance in physical rehabilitation but also in emotional and social problems.
The brains are involved in each other and in wan operation of the brains is far from everything familiar. Many studies have shown that damaged or destroyed brain cells can not be restored. Nevertheless partial recovery appears possible because certain brain functions can compensate for or take over damaged areas.
Acquired brain injury