Ideals are very subjective representations of beauty in a given period. Our current pronounced slim beauty ideal has historically not so very old. This publication provides a brief overview of the different ideals of beauty which has known.
Thinness ideals are strongly influenced by the images that we encounter daily and mutually reinforcing. The media play an important role. They contribute in no small measure contribute to the stigmatization of overweight people. In movies, in magazines and in ads typically dominate slim women. This creates the impression that there are no women with another figure existence, no women, let alone that they can serve as a model.
The first images that are relevant to this analysis stems from the stone age. As an example can serve the famous Venus of Willendorf, a limestone statue that was found in 1908 by an Austrian archaeologist. It allows for a lush woman with huge pendulous breasts, thick legs, a round belly and torso. Possibly this figure symbolizes the fertility and originality of mother earth.
In ancient Greece the graphics reflect the spirit of the time: the pursuit of physical and mental harmony was reflected in a beauty ideal that was looking for the perfect body shape. This "aesthetic perfection" was expressed through balanced proportions and poses.
In the Renaissance and Baroque has increasingly favored lush and filled shapes, which were seen as sensual and seductive. This was reinforced by the fashion of the time, both for women and for men.
In the Victorian era came the wasp waist in fashion, a waist that was artificially created by the corset. At that time, with the right clothes, the "narrow waist" reinforced as ideal; underneath were the female figures around.
Golden in the early 20th century luscious breasts and cleavages still considered beautiful, in the '20s came to a first slimming wave. The emancipated women: in the 1st World War had taught them to care and new independence did they not give up even without their husbands for herself and the children. In the fight for equal rights pursued an androgynous figure, slim and with short hairstyles. Possibly does that correlate with the fact that women wanted to hide their feminine body, consciously or unconsciously, to get a foothold in the male society.
During World War II, by contrast, were lavish forms in demand again. A new femininity was propagated, a woman which emphasized the role of motherhood. The ideology of National Socialism have placed the biological function of children with the woman firmly in the foreground. And for that purpose it was only logical to emphasize the female form.
In the postwar period, a time of scarcity and deprivation, was subject to a well-fed body still as worthy of emulation. It was also a model of prosperity and wealth. There were even padded bras worn to give the body more fullness. In the '60s then, golden women with long legs, a narrow waist and bosom as much beauty ideal: women like Sophia Loren and Marilyn Monroe. The latter was to dress size 44 very well proportioned. After that time, the famous model Twiggy, who called with her body forming the image of an anorexic patient. This as androgynous to criticize figure fell in time with the rise of a student movement demanding social reforms and who helped the feminist movement on an upswing. The motivation to have children, ebbed away.
Model for many women
In the eighties of the last century there were slightly more female forms with the Twiggy-figure combined. Breasts were allowed but the slender waist and hips records were maintained. This ideal of beauty only by a few highly paid models are satisfied, but it still serves as a model for many women.
After the millennium the ideal of beauty was adjusted to the extent that images through photo shop and other tools artificial light can be adjusted. The image of the ideal woman was perfected again. Perfect shapes, little waist, slightly more hips, long legs and shapely breasts. To say nothing of a skin without wrinkles or spots. The perfect woman as it appears in the media and advertising, it is not achievable even with models. Even being artificially pimped. There is a woman impression that has little to do with a real woman.