Atenolol: medication for high blood pressure

Health cdsa July 25, 2016 0 10
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There are many people who have high blood pressure without knowing it. You feel nothing about it, but it increases the risk of getting cardiovascular disease. In some cases, the doctor decides to prescribe the drug atenolol. It lowers blood pressure and heart rate slows. Atenolol is also prescribed for angina, arrhythmias, migraine and an overactive thyroid gland. It belongs to the beta-blocking agents which ensure that the heart muscle is loaded less.

High blood pressure

People with high blood pressure feel here, in general, nothing. High blood pressure is not a disease, but it does increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. You feel high blood pressure, but it does ensure that the blood with too much force is pumped through the blood vessels. This could eventually lead to a damaged vessel wall, causing severe symptoms can occur such as angina, heart failure, stroke or brain hemorrhage. The drug atenolol slows the heart rate, causing the heart muscle pumping quieter. It dilates blood vessels, reducing blood pressure goes down.

Kramp heart

Kramp heart, also called angina is a heart condition in which there is a painful and tightness in the chest. There may be pain radiating to the arm, jaw, neck or shoulder. There is a constriction in the blood vessels that supply the heart with blood. This causes too little oxygen in the heart, causing the heart muscle to work harder. This causes the pain. If there is a complete blockage of one of the arteries to the heart, a heart attack may occur. The spasm symptoms occur mainly at times of exertion stress, strong emotions, a heavy meal or great change of temperature. If more than twice a week is an attack of angina, it is sometimes decided to write for atenolol.

Cardiac arrhythmias

If you have a heart arrhythmia burden, it is to notice your heart skip, irregular beats or suddenly goes very fast beat. Complaints that may arise include dizziness, shortness of breath or you feel rushed or anxious. There can be several causes, such as a damaged heart muscle, a heart attack or an overactive thyroid gland. Often, the cause remains unknown. Atenolol causes the heart rate is slowed and several hours after ingestion has the effect.

Operation

The drug is part of the beta-blockers. This causes the so-called stress hormones in the body less do their job well, making the heart less strain. It ensures that the speed and force with which the heart beats, is reduced. As a result, the heart requires less oxygen, causing symptoms such as high blood pressure or reduces the risk of heart cramp. Blood pressure should be measured again after three to six weeks to see if the result.

The effect

In the case of angina, it is to note that the chest pain is reduced. After one to three hours starts to work the drug and lasts for one day. Light exercise such as walking up stairs will produce fewer complaints. By dilating the blood vessels there is less chance of a stroke. Beta-blockers are often prescribed in combination with diuretics. Usually it is the first choice for the drug metoprolol, but if this does not work, the doctor may prescribe atenolol.

Against other complaints

Atenolol is also sometimes used for migraines. This is an attack of pounding headache, whereby nausea and sensitivity to light and sound can occur. Normally, a painkiller and possibly given something for the nausea it. If there are more than two attacks per month, atenolol are sometimes prescribed. The drug can also be used as the thyroid works too fast. Complaints here can be: a nervous feeling, sweating, weight loss with normal diet, muscle weakness and rapid heartbeat. Atenolol is prescribed in some cases, in order to temporarily slow down the heart rate. Under extreme stress it may be prescribed, for example in heavy exam nerves or stage fright.

Effects

As with all medications, there may be in addition to the desired result also side effects occur. The most common side effects include dizziness, and have the head feel light. This is especially noticeable when getting out of bed or a chair. The body needs to get used to the medication and the symptoms will usually disappear after a few days or weeks. Less common side effects may include nausea, sweating, constipation, diarrhea, cold hands and feet, or dry mouth. If the side effects after several weeks have not disappeared or you have really bother you, talk to your GP.
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