Vivian Mary Hartley was born on November 5, 1913 in Darjeeling, India. Her father, Ernest Richard Hartley, originally from England, but moved in 1905 to India. The name of Vivian's mother Gertrude Yackje and she was, probably, a local resident of Darjeeling, although this is not entirely certain. Other stories tell that she, like her husband, was from England. Vivian grew up in a wealthy family in 1927 decided to move back to England. Vivian turned out to be a very good student, and studied include violin, piano, cello and ballet. She also was a regular at plays. The years after their return, the family traveled extensively throughout Europe. So Vivian went down to school in Italy, France and Austria. At the age of seventeen, in 1932, Vivian decided she wanted to be an actress and she enrolled at the prestigious Royal Academy of Dramatic Art ", brief RADA.
Marriage and family
That same year, Vivian had a lawyer to know the 31-year-old Herbert Leigh Holman. In December 1932, a month after Vivian had celebrated her nineteenth birthday, married and Vivian Leigh. Soon, the couple suffered from many disagreements. As Leigh did not want Vivian would continue as an actress, and she quit her studies at RADA. Shortly after the honeymoon she decided yet again to take lessons. Also she was pregnant, and her daughter Suzanne was born in October 1933.
Start of Vivian's career
Vivian felt like 20-year-old too young and was still too ambitious to the role of wife and mother to take on. She continued her acting lessons and in 1935 she got her first small film role in 'Things are Looking Up. " She was also a cop, and on his advice she changed her name to Vivian Holman Vivien Leigh. After an unsuccessful debut in the West End and two disappointing films came her first big success with the play "The Mask of Virtue '. This role was Vivien at once a star in London. She signed a five-year contract with the producer Alexander Korda. With him she made two films a year, making them about loved enough time to play in plays, what was her preference.
In 1935 taught Vivien
also known actor Laurence Olivier. Though both were married at the time, and the wife of Laurence was even pregnant, the two began an affair. Although they both felt guilty about their marriage she did not want to end the relationship. In 1937 they played as lovers in the movie 'Fire over England. " During the filming of that movie Oliviers son was born. The idea that they would destroy two families was the reason that both Vivien and Laurence did not want to think about a possible divorce. Increasingly their relationship was a public secret, and in 1937, during the making of their second film together, Vivien and Laurence decided finally to move forward together, and to request a divorce by their husbands. But both Holman and Jill Esmond, Laurences wife refused to divorce. Vivien and Laurence nonetheless decide to continue their relationship.
Gone With the Wind
Vivien's most memorable movie ever Gone With the Wind that appeared on the silver screen in 1939. From the moment Vivien had read the book, she knew she had to play the role of Scarlett O'Hara. The fact that she was not an American, and that there are already hundreds of actresses had lost weight did not bother her. But the American producer had no interest in Vivien Leigh.
Vivien Leigh along with Clark Gable in Gone With the Wind When Laurence in 1938 traveled to America to record a film, Vivien went after him. The intention was a five-day visit, but secretly she had extended her trip. She planned to take the role of Scarlett O'Hara to win during the trip. Vivien's luck was that Laurence agent was the brother of David O. Selznick, the producer of Gone With the Wind, and he wanted her to introduce to his brother. Selznick later said that he knew at the first meeting that she was the right Scarlett.
Ironically enough Vivien took the record of Gone With the Wind terrible. She got along well with the original director, George Cukor, but after a few weeks he was sacked and replaced by Victor Fleming. Vivien thought Fleming showed no respect for her, and thought he was a bad director. Every Sunday said Vivien, along with her co-star Olivia de Havilland secretly with George Cukor who gave them tips and them that escorted through the recordings.
Marriage with Laurence Olivier
When Vivien in 1939 began with the filming of Gone With the Wind, she was advised by Selznick to keep quiet about her relationship with Laurence Olivier. In England, the affair had no effect on their careers, but in America could such a scandal both their careers as the film can ruin. Ultimately, it was in January 1940 paved the way for the couple to marry after both Holman as Esmond had finally agreed to a divorce. Vivien had custody of Suzanne completely Holman. Although she loved her daughter had received the two never really a band, and Vivien had little maternal feelings.
Since late thirties Vivien had suffered from ill health. She suffered from mood swings, weight loss and a severe cough. Many concerns were Laurence and she does not herself. They know their problems mainly to stress and poor conditions during the war. In 1944werd Vivien pregnant, but she got and miscarriage. After the miscarriage would be another one to follow, and Vivien became depressed. Vivien finally visited a doctor in 1945
And here she was told that she was suffering from tuberculosis. Vivien spent six weeks in the hospital, and the doctor wanted her another six months would recover in a sanatorium, but she refused, and restored the next nine months at home. Vivien recovered physically, but she continued to suffer from mood swings and sudden outbursts. She became increasingly unstable, leading to a low point came in 1953 in Ceylon, where she was filming of 'Elephant Walk'. She confused her opponent Peter Finch, with Laurence, and suddenly was no longer himself, but Blanche Dubois, its successful role in "A Streetcar Named Desire" in 1951. She repeated phrases from the movie and cried all night. It soon became clear that she could not finish the film, and was replaced by Elizabeth Taylor. After returning to London Laurence took her to the Netherne Hospital in Surrey where she was treated including shock therapy.
At the end of 1954 Vivien was again on the stage. Along with Laurence, she starred in the play "The Sleeping Prince". But in 1955, Vivien was again suffering from severe attacks, and the diagnosis was manic depression.
In 1955 Vivien again played together Laurence in three plays, but the love between them was several years across. In May 1960 Laurence made the request to separate and Vivien agreed. In New York met Vivien Jack Merivale, a man she had met in 1937. The two had a relationship and Jack continued to the last seven years of Vivien's life with her. Even the most severe attacks were not enough to deter Jack Merivale. Vivien continued to fight against her illness and even played a number of theater and film roles. In 1967 it was discovered that the tuberculosis had returned. She refused to treat him and chose instead to complete bed rest. On July 7, 1967 Vivien Leigh died at only the age of 53 from complications of her illness.
- 1935 Things Are Looking Up
- 1935 Village Squire
- 1935 Gentleman's Agreement ??
- 1935 Look Up and Laugh
- 1937 Fire Over England
- 1937 Dark Journey
- 1937 Storm in a Teacup
- 1938 A Yank at Oxford
- 1938 St. Martin ?? s Lane / Sidewalks of London
- 1939 Gone with the Wind
- 1940 21 Days Together
- 1940 Waterloo Bridge
- 1941 That Hamilton Woman / Lady Hamilton
- 1946 Caesar & Cleopatra
- 1948 Anna Karenina
- 1952 A Streetcar Named Desire
- 1955 The Deep Blue Sea
- 1962 The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone
- 1965 Ship of Fools