Breast cancer symptoms: lump in your breast, dimples, dimple

Health Ruinf20 August 7, 2016 0 0
In the Netherlands annually to just over 11,000 women learn they have breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. For your thirtieth year breast cancer risk is very small, but as you get older the greater the chance it. About 70 percent of women whose breast cancer is diagnosed, older than 50 years. Men can also get breast cancer, but to them it is very rare. Only 100 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year in the Netherlands. This article talks about breast cancer in women.

Breast cancer symptoms

  • What is breast cancer?
  • Breast Cancer Risk Factors
  • Protective factors of breast cancer
  • Breast cancer symptoms
  • Breast cancer diagnosis
  • Breast cancer treatment

What is breast cancer?

The medical name of breast cancer is 'breast cancer'. Breast cancer is a type of cancer which is based on the mammary gland tissue in the breast. Roughly 80 percent of women with breast cancer has a so-called 'ductal carcinoma ", in which the milk tubes or milk ducts of the breast is created. When the cancer starts in the milk glands, it is called "lobular carcinoma." The growth habit of a lobular carcinoma is usually spread through the chest. In a ductal carcinoma is usually involve a single tumor. It is important that breast cancer is detected at an early stage so that the risk of metastasis is small. It can also be done more frequently in a small breast tumor breast-conserving surgery. By habit a lobular carcinoma is often only detected at a later stage. Breast cancer can sometimes be detected at such an early stage that the cancer cells are not in the surrounding breast tissue ingrowth. This can happen in a population. In this stage, for there is no risk of lymph node metastases or metastases elsewhere in the body.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors

There are no clearly identifiable causes of breast cancer indicate. However, some women have a greater risk of developing breast cancer. Risk factors for the development of breast cancer are:
  • Age: does breast cancer in Western countries particularly among women aged 50 and older.
  • Genetic predisposition: at about 5 to 10 percent of all women with breast cancer heredity plays a role.
  • Female sex hormones play a pivotal role in the development of breast cancer. Several factors affect the endocrine system and may slightly increase the risk. These factors are:
    • let menstruate late or come in the transition;
    • women who have few or no children or who had their first child at a later age;
    • the Pill;
    • the use of hormones for menopausal symptoms;
    • overweight after menopause;
    • three or more glasses of alcohol use per day;
    • physical inactivity.
  • Previously have had breast cancer. In that case, you have an increased risk of getting breast cancer again.
  • For your 30th have had radiation treatment.

Protective factors of breast cancer

Physical activity and by many cycling, walking or sports, gives a lower risk of breast cancer than if you are less physically active. A protective factor seems breastfeeding.

Breast cancer symptoms

Some changes in the breast may indicate breast cancer, but some symptoms can also point to other, benign condition of the breast. The most common mutations in breast cancer is a lump in the breast that previously was not present. Other abnormalities may be dimples or dimpled skin, withdrawal of the nipple and nipple discharge. There may also occur a change in the nipple, such as redness, flaking and a place that looks like eczema. You can also experience pain in the chest in a place where the tissue feels different than normal. Note that pain in itself a sign that you have an abnormality in the breast. Furthermore, you can suffer from a breast that feels hot and red is discolored. The skin of the breast may also be what are thickened and have a well-aspect, such as an orange peel. Also a wound of the skin that does not heal, may indicate breast cancer.
When you discover a change in or to your chest that is visible and / or palpable, check with your doctor what is going on. Breast abnormalities are often innocent and benign, but can also cause cancer in the game and it is good to be there as early as possible.

Breast cancer diagnosis

GPs can scan and examine the breast or there are enlarged lymph nodes in the armpit. In case of deviations to the chest which suggest malignancy, there will be a mammogram to be manufactured. With suspicious abnormalities can track reference to the surgeon. This may carry out a puncture. Here, tissue cells and / or fluids sucked up with a hollow needle for microscopic examination. A biopsy may also be necessary in order to obtain a correct diagnosis. Here are a few pieces of breast tissue taken away from the place where the abnormality is located. A pathologist will then examine the tissue under the microscope. This allows the nature of the breast abnormality can be determined. If there is cancer, the stage will be set then where the disease is in: there are metastases to the regional lymph nodes or elsewhere in the body? For this purpose there can be all kinds of additional imaging studies are needed, such as a chest x-ray, CT scan, bone scan, as well as blood tests.

Breast cancer treatment

Treatment often consists of surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or immunotherapy. Many women with breast cancer have a combination of these treatments. In the vast majority of cases, a surgical site, the surgeon removes the diseased tissue over. There are two types of breast surgery:
  • mastectomy or mastectomy: here the entire mammary gland with underlying fatty tissue removed;
  • breast conserving treatment: this is only the tumor removed with surrounding healthy tissue, followed by radiation.

When breast-conserving surgery, you can opt for a prosthesis. Also with mastectomy, there are ways to reconstruct a new breast by a plastic surgeon. This reconstruction can be done during the same operation as the mastectomy. It may, however, also take place at a later time. In the longer term, women with breast cancer are equally satisfied with the cosmetic outcome of breast-conserving surgery as the result of a reconstructed mastectomy. This is the conclusion Reshma Jagsi and colleagues ?? s in Annals of Surgery.
When metastases were demonstrated, chemotherapy can be considered as a palliative treatment.
Breast reconstruction after breast cancer new standard
Women who have been sold a chest for breast cancer treatment or if there is mutilation, from now on have routinely offered breast reconstruction. It will appear in the new standard for breast reconstruction.
Breakthrough in the field of breast cancer found
A new cure for metastatic breast cancer, the most aggressive form, stores as well giving the 16 months of extra life. It's the middle "Pertuzumab. It also has the advantage that it has few side-effects: single diarrhea and skin rash.
Chemo is not always necessary
A select group of breast cancer patients may, after the operation with which a tumor is removed, safely dispense with chemotherapy. A study on the efficacy of a specific test, MammaPrint shows that can be predicted whether or not patients have metastases. If it appears that the risk of metastasis is very small, chemotherapy is not necessary. The study looked at 200 women, all with a low risk of metastasis, according to the MammaPrint. Half of these women, according to the usual protocols are eligible for chemotherapy, the other half not. In the study of these two hundred women did not receive chemotherapy. Of the group of women who would actually qualify for chemotherapy, had no metastasis five years later. Yet the researchers still keep a blow to the arm. Two hundred patients is not a very large group. Currently it is still waiting for the results of a major international study into the MammaPrint.