- what the child knows about a particular food affects consumption: for example, if children know more about good nutrition than they eat more of it.
- the attitude adopted by a child in relation to a particular food or group of foods influences: such a dismissive attitude leads to lower consumption and an accepting attitude to eating more of that nutrient.
- the taste preference appears to have the most influence on the consumption of fruit and vegetables: the more children a particular kind of fruit or vegetables were tasty, became all the more of it eaten.
- American research confirms the important influence of taste preferences in teenagers. EAT is a long-term research project of the University of Minnesota which was launched in 1998 and has already produced more than 70 publications. One of the main goals is to investigate the factors influencing eating habits of adolescents. In 2003, as part of this project, published the results of the research led by Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, professor of public health, the factors which affect the consumption of fruit and vegetables from kids in high school. Nearly 4000 young people from 31 different schools participated were an extensive written survey and more than 900 parents interviewed by telephone by trained project staff. Questions were asked about a variety of topics that might be related to eating fruits and vegetables, such as: which species are preferred, or healthy food choices are perceived as important, what and how much is eaten and what eating patterns within the family exist. Analysis of these data revealed that the taste preference is especially of importance in the onset of this study show that shows eetgewoonten.Verder
- the availability of fruits and vegetables also linked to its consumption: as for example at home or school children often or always had different types of fruits and vegetables available to them became more of it eaten.
Several studies into the twin pairs of adult preferences demonstrate that the genetic influence increases after childhood. In a recent Finnish study in which 2009 young adult twins were compared with each other was found for instance that the choice of specific foods and the frequency in which they were consumed could be explained largely by hereditary influences. The preferences of identical twins were more consistent than those of non-identical. Furthermore, the researchers concluded that there was no demonstrable influence on food preferences from the family of origin. The genetic influence is obviously greater in preferences as a person gets older. The effect of other influences from the environment is therefore greater in children. This is beneficial because many environmental factors on children can be influenced and biological definiteness not. Changing environmental factors which can have a favorable influence on the taste preference in the long term, and thereby also on the eating habits.
In 2007 a group of Dutch researchers at the Erasmus University Medical Center analyzed 58 mostly American and European studies on the factors in the environment of the child which influence eating behavior. This analysis shows that several studies conclude that there is a connection between what parents eat and what their children eat. When parents eat more fruits and vegetables than eat their children anymore. This relationship is also, however, there is between the amount of grease that eat snacks and the parents and children. For older children there is not only a clear link between what they eat and their parents, but also with some food other family members. If the siblings instance eat more calories per day than do teens that family too. The cause of the context, it is not entirely clear. Some scientists explain this connection with the theory that behavior children can learn by what they see: social learning. Children can learn by observing the behavior of other people. Not only is observed what others do, but also the consequences of the behavior. Whether a child a certain behavior or not takes depends primarily on the consequences that are seen by the child. The probability that behavior is taken is greater as the example in the eyes of the child is important. According to this theory it is therefore obvious that the eating habits of parents is taken over by the children in that family.
The influence of parents on the amount of nutrients
Also different behavior of parents affects eating their child. They can, for example, the amount of unhealthy foods that limit their children can eat. While it seems logical that limitation leads to a healthier diet, research suggests the opposite. The US National Institute of Health has investigated the relationship between the behavior of mothers and the feeding behavior of their daughters, aged five. The daughters of mothers who limit the amount of high fat foods were trying for their child as much as possible, were found to consume more fat than daughters whose mothers did not. Also, another American study on the diets of more than 300 white and Mexican young children showed that the children of parents who sought to limit amount of fatty foods more fat inside got. Furthermore, the analysis of the Erasmus University Medical Centre, the availability of food in the family and its accessibility to the child influence: the more often they are present and the less trouble children can obtain this, the more they will eat it. The latter is especially true for fruit and vegetables.
- Set a good example: Woo himself healthy after eating.
- As a parent, you can determine which foods you may or may not make available to your child, and in what quantities. But take care that you are not guilty of excessive restriction as explained in the previous section. This is mainly to ensure that it has enough healthy food, preferably ready. thinking of low-sugar drinks, cleaned fruit or bite-sized vegetables.
- Give your child about healthy nutrition that is important to you and why that is so.
- Imagine your child is able to experience healthy foods to gain. Let your child help in peeling, and prepare healthy food. Help with the discovery of healthy food that is new to your child by trying to make it in a relaxed atmosphere. Take account of the fact that a child is sometimes only good think after having tasted 10 to 15 times.
- Realize that most of the changes will lead to changes in behavior within the family. You as a parent fulfills a crucial role. It is as a parent possible to exert a positive influence in childhood on many factors that are important to achieve a healthy or healthier diet for your child.