Cervical cancer: causes, symptoms, treatment

Health oldmanhands August 8, 2016 0 1
Cervical cancer affects in the Netherlands each year about 650 women, and 250 of them die on average from the disease. The disease is most common in women between 30 and 45 years. Nowadays every woman over the age of 30 every five years, is drafted into the making of a smear. The risk of cervical cancer is lessened, because abnormal cells are detected at an earlier stage. From your 12th year you can get a vaccination against cervical cancer. Early detection of the disease increases the chance of recovery.

Cervical cancer

  • Human papilloma virus, cause of cervical cancer
  • Symptoms of HPV infection
  • How can you get the virus?
  • What can you do?
  • Complaints that you have to go to the doctor
  • How can metastasize cervical cancer?
  • Treatment for cervical cancer depends on many different factors;
  • Possible treatments cervical cancer

Human papilloma virus, cause of cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is caused by certain types of HPV. The disease is not hereditary. When people do come for 100 types of HPV, which may cause some definitely cervical cancer. After prolonged infection with the virus can alter cells in the uterine lining and create abnormal cells. There is then no question of cancer. Only when abnormal cells grow, things go wrong, before this happens there is usually already 10 years past.

Symptoms of HPV infection

Of the infection is often nothing to notice. The body, the virus is attacked by the immune system and is often gone within a year from the body, without you ever noticed. Some types of HPV can lead to cervical cancer. Very rarely it can also lead to cancer of the anus, penis, vagina or throat. About one in 160 women in the Netherlands will make during her life with cervical cancer.

How can you get the virus?

HPV is very contagious, approximately 80% of women, the virus goes sometimes during her life. Infection occurs through sexual contact. It can also be transmitted through skin to skin contact. The virus also sits on the skin around the genitals, condom use does not adequately, though protects a bit.

What can you do?

  • Let make smear. From that you are 30 years old, every woman gets every five years an invitation to have a Pap smear at the GP. Hold until you're 60 years old. If minor deviations are found, the Pap smear six months later repeated again. Thus, checks whether the abnormality disappears or evolved. Depending on the severity of the deviation can also be decided by the physician in order to remove the deviation.
  • Get vaccinated. Every woman can be vaccinated against the Human Papilloma Virus. This reduces the chance of developing cervical cancer. Girls aged 12 and over receive a call to let themselves vaccinated. The vaccination consists of three injections of a total of six months. Vaccination protects against the two types of HPV that are usually involved in getting cervical cancer. However, it does not protect against all types of HPV, and therefore it remains important to continue to compete in the population every five years.

Complaints that you have to go to the doctor

  • Unexpected vaginal bleeding, such as between periods through, or after intercourse, or after menopause.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge; brown or bloody discharge.

How can metastasize cervical cancer?

  • Due to growth in the immediate area; the muscle layer of the pelvic floor, of the sheath, in the uterus, and at a later stage in the bladder, rectum, or abdominal cavity.
  • By spread through the blood, does not come very often.
  • By metastasis via the lymphatic ways; metastases in lungs, bones, liver possible.

Treatment for cervical cancer depends on many different factors;

  • Type of cancer
  • Stage of cervical cancer
  • What does the patient and what can they at?

Possible treatments cervical cancer

  • Operation; removal of a portion of the cervix and / or disposal uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, lymph nodes in the pelvis.
  • Radiation
  • Medications like chemotherapy og hormones
  • Heat treatment
  • Combination of the above
The treatment is carried out in specialized centers.