There are six known children's diseases, with children being vaccinated for three of them. The vaccination takes place at 14 months and again at nine years. This is the MMR jab for mumps, measles and rubella.
Six childhood diseases
- Fifth disease
- Sixth disease
The MMR is required because there are greater consequences and risks are on the three childhood diseases. Mumps can lead to infertility in men and is sometimes complicated by meningitis. Measles can be fatal and can lead to the deadly, fortunately very rare brain disease, SSPE. Rubella can cause abnormalities in unborn babies if the mother is going through the disease early in her pregnancy.
Scarlet fever, a bacterium
Another children's disease is scarlet fever, but this is not a virus and a bacteria. A bacterium difference of a virus as it is a hundred times as large, but also because it is a living organism, and can reproduce itself. A virus is basically death, but comes to life when it comes into contact with living cells. Also bacteria can thus have a virus, like people, plants and animals.
Measles, either morbili is a respiratory virus and thus is spread through the air. Infection takes place by means of sneezing and coughing. Therefore, it is a disease that has spread rapidly and is highly contagious. Incubation period is 8 to 14 days.
Measles in the first instance much like a cold or a bad group. There fever is common, one would have inflamed eyes, a runny nose and cough a lot. The disease is mainly characterized by red spots with white dot on the inside of the cheeks. These are also referred to as the Koplik-spots. This is followed by a high fever and some red spots that itch light. The rash can then much lower pull towards arms and legs. The spots will be followed by a smooth red. Infectivity is about 1 to 5 days after onset of the rash.
The illness lasts about a week.
Rubella, or German measles, exhibits ranging lymph nodes behind ears and skin rash with red spots. The rash usually starts on the face and then draws ever lower, through the neck, torso to the arms and legs. Also this disease is accompanied by fever. Incubation period is 14 to 21 days.
Rubella is in principle a very harmless illness. When the disease may also prevent joint pain and conjunctivitis, but the disease usually passes quickly and you're not so very ill. Since 1974, girls are vaccinated at their eleventh rubella.
Chickenpox or varicella, is caused by coughing or physical contact. The illness begins with fever and symptoms similar to colds. Then appear small red spots all over the body. These vesicles are filled with fluid and especially in the neck for. The incubation period is 14 to 21 days.
Chickenpox you must ensure that the blisters are not scratched because this can lead to infection and eventually scarring. It is an option to scatter, therefore, menthol-talcum powder on the vesicles, but not on open wounds. Cooling creams may work well for itching and irritation. The number of smallpox may vary by person, and therefore there is often doubt whether there is chickenpox.
The illness lasts about a week.
Tick, or parotitis, also nicknamed dikoor. You can get the disease through contact with saliva or air. The major salivary gland swells, resulting in a thick cheek. This makes chewing and swallowing difficult and painful. The incubation period is 14 to 21 days. Not everyone sees symptoms of mumps. Sometimes there is only an infection of the respiratory tract, although contamination is still possible.
Fifth disease or erythema infectiosum, gives a kid large and small, red spots. These appear anywhere on the body, the face to the buttocks, arms, torso and legs. The skin feels feverish hot and glows. The spots may itch and what the child is often listless. Further, there can be joint inflammation. The incubation period is seven to twelve days.
Fifth disease spreads through moisture droplets from the nose and throat that is spread through the air.
The rash fades after five to nine days, but can come back again to stress or heat, but also in cold conditions.
The sixth disease, either exanthema subitum, is also called the three-day fever, because of the time duration. It is a common disease in children between nine and twelve months. The virus that causes it, is also the cause of herpes and cold sores. When the disease occurs in early severe fever, coughing, sore throat and earache. After the pockets of the fever is rash appeared. This continues to be about one to two days. The incubation period is 10 to 15 days.
Scarlet fever, or scarlatina, is produced by direct contact with the disease or by coughing. Children between three and twelve years old are most likely to get the disease. In the first instance, fever with sore throat, headache, nausea and vomiting. The skin then emerge one day later speckles that are dark red. These spots are sometimes itchy. The cheeks are very red with a white triangle at the mouth. Incubation period is two to four days.
The disease takes about five days, after which spots and fever subside.