Climate change, hard reality

Nature kenedy813 August 8, 2016 0 2
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Many - especially developing countries - climate change is no longer a 'far away notion of mine', but harsh reality. For example, residents of the low-lying Bangladesh, more often than before facing floods and cyclones, fighting poor farmers in the border area between Honduras and El Salvador against the constant landslides and see the traditional herders living in northern Kenya wither their habitat.

Disasters are part of life

People in developing countries know that some disasters are a normal part of their lives. The problem is that natural disasters occur more frequently now than before. People are dying, cattle and crops are lost. Forced beat many people to flee. Consequently, conflicts are increasing. The effects are strengthened by farmers of their land is taken and there is overcrowding, while the age-old tactics fail. Aid workers adapt their programs to these changes and to try to better prepare for disasters on communities and teach them to recover afterwards effectively.

Construction of underground water reservoirs

Especially the traditional herders living in northern Kenya see their already arid habitat become even drier. They used to periods of extreme drought once every eight to 10 years, now it is every two years. In the border of Kenya and Ethiopia is clean drinking water for the residents themselves and their cattle a huge problem. To solve the water problem of the village community Forole has underground reservoirs constructed. Here the residents during the rainy season, rainwater is collected and can no longer depend on outside help, but they may even in times of extreme drought to rely on their own water supply. Because the villagers pay a small fee for the water they use, they can take care of the maintenance of the reservoirs. Meanwhile, people come from miles around to Forole to take a look and see how the water works to a subsequently also to explain.

Tracking data

In Ethiopia maintains a village committee data on the health of their animals, the people, the food, the rain and the grass. Drawings give it when the situation becomes dangerous. With those papers are in hand they strongly to address their emergency with the government. Previously, the government had little interest in these regions. Now, however, they can no longer ignore: there is evidence that there is something wrong.

Protection against cyclones

Cyclone shelters
We all know it: cyclones and floods associated with Bangladesh. But logging, soil erosion and climate change exacerbate disasters. Precisely the very poor and the farmers are hardest hit by such a disaster. In the densely populated Bangladesh were at a severe cyclone in 1991 to 150,000 deaths. Meanwhile a large number of cyclone shelters built. These are large concrete buildings that are both against cyclones and flood resistant. There may be a few thousand people are caught in. In normal times, the concrete cyclone-shelter usually used as a school. That's a big advantage during the rainy season because the schools were often closed. The constant use of the cyclone shelters and maintenance of these buildings is also ensured.
Evacuation plans and warning systems
There was more focus on evacuation plans and warning systems. The result, then again in 2007 a severe cyclone swept across the country, 'only' were 3500 deaths, because the inhabitants were evacuated to shelters in time. This means that the collecting system operates. At the same time showed that the population was still a shortfall of 2,000 shelters. Which are now being built in part by the government, in part by local organizations.
Responding to threats
Villagers now give themselves to the hazards they see and what precautions they might take. One of the solutions is to make people more resistant to natural disasters, by their existence is not dependent on more to make one agricultural product, but a plurality, which can be harvested spread over the seasons. Another solution is to have the houses and warehouses to build a raised platform so that not only the damage caused by floods is reduced but the population in a disaster is easier to move. Finally, inventories can be packed in thick plastic, and under the ground to be buried. The cyclone wind takes everything with it above ground, but what is buried under the ground, after finding the cyclone back. There is a solution conceived for the lack of clean drinking water during a flood. Water pumps are put on a concrete platform, so there is safe drinking water during floods. If it is water inadvertently come to be so high that the water pump is likely to overflow, then the pump will be sealed, so that no dirty water can not enter.

Stronger bargaining power

Villagers are concerned not only with solutions but also receive training. Its aim is to educate the community itself that the activities lead, leaving the population at the same time learn to stand up for themselves. Of course assistance in the first instance aimed at reducing the impact of natural disasters, but in the meantime strengthen the most vulnerable groups in society, giving them a better negotiating position, for example the government.
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