CMV-virus: The causes and symptoms

Health SGNODLOL August 7, 2016 0 0
The cytomegalovirus or CMV is a virus that belongs to the group of herpes viruses. CMV is highly contagious and has an estimated 50% of the world had a CMV infection by the time they become 40 years old. cytomegalovirus ensures damage to the immune system and is highly contagious. The CMV-virus is not always recognizable provided that the symptoms are not always clear. However, there are some of the symptoms that are characteristic to the virus.

The symptoms of the cytomegalovirus

The symptoms of CMV are identical with that of the glandular fever. The most common symptom of CMV is fatigue. As a result, however, it is in many cases difficult to recognize the disease and they will not be diagnosed in many cases. About 50% of children have already experienced the disease before their fifth birthday, and about 80% of adults have antibodies to CMV in the body, meaning that most people these infections have already gone through in their lives.
Other symptoms of CMV are:
  • swollen lymph glands
  • laryngitis
  • headache
  • nausea
  • rash
  • jaundice
  • fever
  • cough
  • crushing chest pain
  • loss of appetite
  • swollen spleen
  • enlarged liver

The cause of infection

Because CMV is very contagious, it can be through saliva, urine, tears, blood transfusions with infected blood or organ transplants easily be infected with the virus. The virus harmless to healthy people, but it can have serious consequences during pregnancy. About 30% of infected women do not have antibodies to this virus causing the infection goes through the placenta and thereby to the baby. It is the most frequent cause of deafness or mental disorders in newborn babies. An infection occurs during pregnancy in 2% of all cases.
In women who did make antibodies against the virus, there is a much smaller chance that the infection passes through the placenta. In this group there is only 0.15% chance of infection.

The consequences of the CMV-virus

In most cases, the CMV virus is virtually harmless. Most people make antibodies to this disease and the body can resist the breakthrough it. However, in some instances known that the immune system is too weak causing the disease begins to affect organs. The most frequent disease that affects the organs are: heart, eyes, kidneys, liver, lung, and stomach. Here, the disease can cause an affected organ begins to fail. In this stage, the disease is sometimes dangerous, and must be quickly intervene in order to treat the disease.

The treatment of CMV

The cytomegalovirus is a disease that in most people self-heals because their immune system is strong enough to overcome the disease. In babies, people with a donor organ, but patients treated for cancer and people with HIV is an infection of CMV a problem. In 90% of these cases, the immune system is too weak and the disease has to be treated with antiviral therapy.
There is currently no vaccine against this disease. It is true that researchers had developed a vaccine in 2009, which was effective in 50% of the infected cases. However, the shelf life of the vaccine was very short and there were a lot of negative side effects associated with. Because of this, the vaccine was not put into production, and it is still further investigated.