Diabetes and Sport

Health cardfan212 August 7, 2016 0 2
A question many people with diabetes is busy, you can simply exercise with diabetes? This article first briefly discuss what diabetes is, what types there are and what is the treatment thereof. Discussed or diabetes clients then additional consideration their blood glucose during or around the sport should take.

What is diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus is often called diabetes. It is a disease in which the blood sugar in the body, also known as glucose, are not degraded. The hormone insulin is not produced or the body stops responding here, causing the glucose accumulates in the blood. Glucose enters the body by means of the food, it contains carbohydrates, and these are broken down to glucose. Carbohydrates are in our food, potatoes, pasta, rice, bread, jam, chocolate and sugar all contain carbohydrates. The glucose in the body is to be degraded so that the blood as an energy source may apply to different organs and body cells. Therefore, it is ensured in the treatment of diabetes is that insulin sufficiently available to the body. When breaking down glucose accumulates this not happened up in the blood and complications can occur, eye disease, heart disease, kidney disease and foot problems.
In short, in our food are major sugars that are broken down in the body into small sugars and these sugars provide energy supply to various organs and body cells, allowing them to function properly.

Different types of diabetes

There are also two different types of diabetes, type 1 herewith is created by the body does not produce insulin at all. In type 2 is being created little insulin but the body does not live here anymore, it's above become resistant.
Type 1 is often already present in young children, because the body produces no insulin should we use the insulin injections. Usually sprayed around 3 to 4 times a day with insulin, for the big meals and before bed. There are different types of insulin, fast-acting, short-acting, intermediate-acting, long-acting and premixed insulin. Together with the doctor for each patient is determined which insulin is the best. Because insulin is injected should also look at the diet, it is given the time in which food is ingested, what and how much it is. Insulin and diet are precisely adjusted to each other.
Type 2 diabetes often occurs at a later age and is often associated with obesity. In today's society have increasingly younger overweight people suffering from type 2 diabetes Treatment of type 2 above implies a change in the dietary pattern. There is hereby considered when, what and how much is eaten. In type 2 has weight loss often has a beneficial effect on insulin sensitivity of the body. Sometimes it is used is made of drugs which stimulate the insulin release of the body.

Can you just sports with diabetes?

Sports and diabetes go together well. When the daily norm of exercise at least half an hour a day of moderate intensity exercise at least five days a week, will reduce the chance of complications from diabetes, this applies to type 1 and 2. Exercise may also serve as prevention especially for diabetes type 2. Research has shown people who exercise have 35-50% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who do not exercise.
Sports allows for better absorption by the body to insulin. Move / exercise helps prevent obesity, which nevertheless is often a cause of type 2 diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes there must be a good balance to be found between exercise and blood glucose. Moving has an effect on the insulin balance of the body. When it is moved, the body is able to better regulate the insulin metabolism, there is need less medication. The body is in one way or another be able to properly regulate the blood sugar during exercise. Athletes with diabetes mellitus type 1 therefore often keep in mind that they eat before exercise, but do not go more syringes or extra insulin. It calls for someone with type 1 diabetes also often measured to determine what it means for the amount of insulin he or his administration needs to provide good blood sugar during and after exercise. Also, after exercise, the insulin requirement is often not immediately higher, and it is possible that there can be eaten without administration of additional insulin.
However, we need to type 1 diabetes to be paid to the type of sport, parachuting, mountain climbing and other extreme ?? ?? sports carry with them a risk here because the blood glucose level may be affected even stronger.
Type 2 diabetes is a healthy diet just be the entire exercise without that extra attention is paid to nutrition. When using medication for type 2 diabetes with a healthy diet can also simply be exercising.

Benefits of exercise in diabetes:

By sports regularly and exercise can prevent type 2 diabetes.
  • Enhanced uptake of insulin.
  • Decrease in body weight.
  • Reduction of medication.
  • Better functioning of organs.
  • Change of the fat distribution.
  • Strengthening muscles and bones.
  • Reduction of cholesterol levels and blood pressure.


Exercise is healthy with diabetes too! And contribute to maintaining or achieving a healthy weight. More and more young people develop type 2 diabetes, because of rising obesity in today's society. However, care must be taken during and around the sports with diabetes or glucose levels remain between the standard of 4.0- 10.0 mmol / l blood.