Diarrhea: causes acute diarrhea and diarrhea stop baby / child

Health oroboreal July 25, 2016 0 9
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Diarrhea is having frequent water thin or watery stools, and is usually the result of an infection. Persistent diarrhea may also be the result of an intestinal disorder. Usually diarrhea after a day or two by itself. But it can also last longer. Diarrhea may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting and sometimes fever.

Acute diarrhea: Causes and Treatment

  • Acute diarrhea: Introduction
  • Possible causes acute diarrhea
  • When consult a doctor?
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment

Acute diarrhea: Introduction

Dutch College of General Practitioners has the following definition of acute diarrhea:
Acute diarrhea is a suddenly occurring deviation from the defecation pattern common for a person with a maximum duration of 14 days, wherein the frequency and the amount of feces are increased and the feces contain more water than usual.
Acute diarrhea was suddenly. When the stool is slightly less firm than normal, which is not mentioned directly diarrhea. This often has to do with a wrong diet. A high-fiber, healthy diet is important for good stool quality.
Diarrhea may be accompanied by bloating, abdominal cramps, flatulence and sometimes with vomiting. When diarrhea is especially important to prevent dehydration. Diarrhea occurs in all age often for diarrhea and for many people a reason to miss a day of work or school. An average adult produces some four episodes of acute diarrhea.
One speaks of chronic diarrhea if it takes longer than 14 days.

Possible causes acute diarrhea

Diarrhea can be caused in particular by:
  • Viral infections cause most cases of diarrhea and is usually associated with mild to moderate symptoms with frequent, watery stools, abdominal cramps, and a slight fever. The diarrhea symptoms usually last about three to seven days.
  • Bacterial infections cause the more severe cases of diarrhea. Eating spoiled food can cause food poisoning. The most common symptoms of food poisoning are nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
  • The use of antibiotics can lead to an overgrowth of Clostridium difficile bacteria in the intestines. This disruption of the intestinal flora can cause severe diarrhea. Diarrhea is not only a potential side effect of some drugs such as antibiotics, but also of certain analgesics and antacids.
  • Intestinal disorders or diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, colitis, and celiac disease Collagen may cause diarrhea.
  • Food allergy or intolerance to foods such as artificial sweeteners and lactose can cause diarrhea.
  • Diarrhea may occur in diseases of the liver, or pancreas gelblaas. These disorders are often accompanied by other symptoms.
  • Anxiety and stress can cause diarrhea.

When consult a doctor?

Acute diarrhea caused by eating or drinking contaminated food or water or a stomach flu usually will pass. The physician should be consulted when there is:
  • High fever;
  • Moderate or severe abdominal pain or tenderness;
  • Bloody diarrhea;
  • Diarrhea in people with serious underlying disease and in whom dehydration can have serious consequences, such as people with diabetes, heart disease and AIDS;
  • Severe diarrhea that still shows no improvement after 48 hours;
  • Moderate or severe dehydration;
  • Prolonged vomiting;
  • Diarrhea occurring during or immediately after the completion of a course of antibiotics, as the antibiotic-associated infection with C. difficile treatment is required;
  • Diarrhea after returning from tropical areas, because there may be an infection with the parasite Giardia in underlying require some treatment;
  • If the diarrhea is associated with skin rash;
  • Diarrhea that develops in patients with intestinal diseases such as chronic colitis or Crohn's disease, diarrhea because pointing at them in a worsening of the underlying disease or a complication of the disease;
  • Chronic or persistent diarrhea;
  • Diarrhea that comes back every time.

Diarrhea in infants and children: when to consult your doctor?
Switch directly in the general practitioner as to the child, the diarrhea is associated with one or more of the following symptoms:
  • Drowsiness;
  • Severe and prolonged abdominal pain;
  • Vomiting and watery diarrhea;
  • Not wanting to drink with watery diarrhea, especially in children younger than 2 years;
  • Diarrhea in infants up to 3 months;
  • Blood in the stool;
  • In children younger than 2 years should reduce diarrhea within 12 hours;
  • When parents or guardians worry;
  • Fever lasting longer than 3 days aanhoudt.¹

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of acute diarrhea is made by the doctor based on the symptoms. Furthermore, the doctor can perform the following tests, depending on the severity of the symptoms:
  • Physical examination. The doctor can examine the abdomen to determine the precious location of abdominal pain. He may be the abdomen using a stethoscope. So he can hear or intestines are in order.
  • Review of medicines. The doctor may ask questions about the drugs used by the patient in order to eliminate the diarrhea caused by certain medications.
  • Blood tests. A complete blood test can help determine the cause of the diarrhea.
  • Stool tests. The results give off the stool tests include information about possible infections and intestinal infections, the effect of bowel function and possibly the presence of polyps in the colon .²

Treatment

Diarrhea often does not require treatment. Typically, the complaints reduce spontaneously within a few days. It is not recommended to use inhibitors in acute diarrhea diarrhea such as activated charcoal or loperamide. It is precisely the intention that the causative agent of acute diarrhea, for example, a bacterium or parasite, quickly leaves the intestine via the stools. When using a diarrhea inhibitor can the bacteria or parasite will settle in the intestinal mucosa, with all its consequences. Only in emergencies can someone with diarrhea for two days at most take a drug to make the stool less often. An emergency, for instance if someone has to travel. Use these resources do not have a fever or for children under eight years.
There is no treatment causing diarrhea passes quickly. It is important that the person drinks more than usual with diarrhea to prevent dehydration. When severe diarrhea, the patient can get a special soluble powder to prevent dehydration. ORS is at the pharmacy or drugstore for sale.
The doctor may prescribe an antibiotic persistent watery stools, abdominal cramps and / or fever. Antibiotics may help in the treatment of diarrhea caused by bacteria or parasites. If a virus is the cause of the diarrhea, antibiotics will not help.
If the doctor determines that an antibiotic, the cause of the diarrhea is caused, it can change the treatment by lowering the dose or switching to another medication.
If the diarrhea is caused by a disease or condition, such as inflammatory bowel disease, the underlying disease will be treated, so that also improves the diarrhea decreases and the state of health of the patient. The patient may be referred to a specialist such as a gastroenterologist or gastroenterologist, who prepares a treatment plan. The patient may be prescribed a medicine against diarrhea for a long time to reduce the symptoms.
In case of diarrhea it is important to take hygienic measures. Wash hands after any toileting thoroughly and check that the hands and clothes of children with diarrhea are cleaned after they have been to the toilet or have been given a clean diaper.
Nuts
  • Dr. Jannes J. E. van Everdingen: The medical textbook; Kosmos-Z & K Publishers, Utrecht / Antwerpen, fifth completely revised edition 2006, p.200.
  • http://www.fecotainer.eu/ontlastingsonderzoek.php
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