Came earlier mumps, called Mumps was diagnosed, fairly common. In 1987 vaccination against mumps was introduced. Since the implementation is clear to see a difference in the occurrence of mumps. Nowadays, mumps is almost non-existent. Mumps is caused by a virus. The most striking feature of mumps is swollen cheek. This thick cheek is caused by an inflammation of the salivary glands. Effects of the mumps can be an inflammation of the meninges, pancreas, testes and ovaries. In the Bible-belt, you see the mumps sometimes. That's because in this region, children are vaccinated less frequently.
Mumps is a condition that is caused by a virus, namely the paramyxovirus. This is the same virus as the virus that causes measles.
Mumps is an infection of the salivary glands. After a few days this will be noticeable by a swelling of the salivary glands, the parotid gland. There are a total of three types of salivary glands. The other salivary glands sit under the tongue and at the height of the ear.
Patients with swelling of the parotid, a characteristic shape of the face, a 'moon face'. When one sees these people behind, you see that the earlobe is different.
However, when someone suspected of having mumps, there are other diseases that can have, which are very similar to the mumps. This condition may have the same kind of disease presentation than mumps. Examples include a kaakontsteking caused by an infected tooth, lymphadenitis colli and mastoiditis.
With mumps may experience various complications. Below is a list of possible complications:
The mumps complications described above are serious complications.
Before the vaccine was introduced against mumps came mumps regularly in small epidemics. The occurrence of the mumps very exchanged at that time. On average, it was seen at about three in every 1,000 people. Above the 15 years came mumps and hardly aged 0-15 mumps was the most seen in the 0-4 year old. These children have weaker immune systems and are more susceptible to the virus that causes mumps.
In 1987 vaccination against mumps was introduced. Since then, the mumps is hardly seen. However, there are people who do not vaccinate their children against mumps later, often it is religion. In this way, still occur and you see it can prevent mumps more in certain regions in the Netherlands, as in the Bible Belt. For example, in the period from 1991 to 2001 have seen ten cases of mumps.
For mumps is no treatment available. You can treat the condition symptomatically. This means that pain and the swelling can be prevented, but that the body itself has to fight the paramyxovirus. Usually goes well. Children with an impaired immune system often completely cure mumps. The disease is often self-limiting.
However, meningitis and pancreatitis can be a severe, life-threatening situation. For this reason, children are vaccinated en masse against the measles and mumps.