Dry skin can make you look, but also feel very unhappy. Knowing the causes of dry skin, what can you do to prevent it and how to relieve itching, flaking and cracking, it can help you out of this problem.
The skin properly hydrated is beautiful, soft and smooth. But dehydrated skin - also known as dry skin, xerosis, pruritus and typical winter - is dull and rough. Not only it may seem terrible, especially if it leads to severe flaking, cracks or stains deep pink / red: it can also cause a terrible itch, so intense experience discomfort from head to toe.
Fortunately, most cases of dry skin are mild and temporary, usually the result of environmental exposures such as low humidity or harsh soaps: these problems can be easily prevented or treated at home although, in severe or persistent skin dried may indicate a more serious condition which requires medical evaluation and its treatment.
Although dry skin can develop anywhere, most often it appears on the legs, hips and back of the hands. Dry skin is particularly problematic in people with more than 60 years, because of the loss of natural oils for the skin protection.
- Low humidity. If you live in a northern climate, dry skin may be more noticeable during the winter, especially if you use a system of forced-air heating. But if you live in an arid climate, dry skin can be a problem throughout the year.
- Frequent showers and bathrooms. The hot water disintegrates protective oils of the skin. So, best to avoid harsh soaps and shampoo, especially if they contain deodorants and antibacterial ingredients.
- Excessive sun exposure. Sunlight dries the skin and exhibits its lowest layers to radiation that damages the collagen and elastin fibers, causing wrinkles, sagging and symptoms related to dry skin.
- Psoriasis, an autoimmune disease that causes a buildup of dry, silvery scales.
- Disorders of the thyroid gland, which can decrease the production of sweat and protective oil.
- Atopic dermatitis, an allergic condition that causes itching and inflammation.
In some cases, dry skin can result from a serious and potentially disfiguring, called ichthyosis. Other medical conditions that can cause dry skin include diabetes, malnutrition, liver and kidney disease, lymphoma, and HIV / AIDS.
Simple measures related to lifestyle can effectively re-hydrate the skin.
- Moisturizers. Apply a moisturizer - preferably an ointment or cream instead of lotion - within three minutes after bathing. Contrary to popular belief, the moisturizers not "moisturize" the skin, but they provide a protective barrier that prevents water loss. Good choices include ointments and creams containing ingredients such as lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, dimethicone, glycerin, lanolin, mineral oil, or petrolatrum. Even a moisturizer to dry hands after washing is very useful.
- Showers short. If you limit showers to five minutes, preferably with warm water, not hot and mild soaps, which contain added fat, you can add moisture to the skin. Showers longer instead reduce it.
- Humidification. If the humidity in your home is less than 40% may have to use a portable humidifier.
- Fabrics "skin friendly". Choose fabrics not irritating like cotton or silk. Wash clothes with fragrance free detergents can help reduce skin irritation.
- Strategies anti itching. Cold compresses or ointments containing at least 1% hydrocortisone can provide relief.
- Strategies antibacterial. To prevent infection, apply an antibacterial ointment on the areas most affected, especially on those with a tendency to bleed.
- Do not feel any relief from home remedies.
- Do you have large areas of flaking, or a rash visible.
- You have dry skin accompanied by redness.
- Do you have open sores or infections from scratching.
- You dryness and itching that even interfere with sleep.
Depending on the cause of your dry skin, your doctor or dermatologist may prescribe creams containing high-strength acids or alpha-beta-hydroxy acids, propylene glycol or cortisone. In some cases, it may be prescribed a series of wet dressings to keep in contact with dry and cracked skin.
No need to suffer for dry skin: with proper care at home or medical treatment, it is possible to reduce itching, redness, flaking, cracking and restore its natural softness and smoothness.