Exotics draw in Netherlands

Nature kenedy813 December 9, 2016 0 11
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The Netherlands has a large number of endemic plants and animals, but there are more and more species in that do not belong here anyway. Invasive species of plants, animals and fungi draw in the Netherlands. They were received by human activity our country and native species can dislodge and cause problems. They are called invasive species.

Invasive alien species

Invasive species are species that do not belong here. By human activities come to the plants, animals and fungi in the Netherlands. They are invasive when they settle in the new area and spread.
You have invasive alien species as:
  • animals;
  • plants;
  • micro organisms.
By spread, they can cause damage in a new area. The Netherlands has approximately one thousand invasive aliens who have entered the country in various ways. They can accidentally enter the country, but there is also talk of introducing intentional. Breeding experiments sometimes run off an invasion of a species that we did not prefer to have in nature. One example is the introduction of the Pacific oyster in the Eastern behalf of oyster farming. The shellfish is advancing to the north and can already be found in the Wadden Sea. The species displaces native oyster.
Introduction of species that occurs not belong here among others by piggybacking with plants, people and animals. As an example of a species that has entered the country via a lift is the tiger mosquito. The top selling plant Lucky bamboo he came through garden centers in the Netherlands.
Furthermore exotics come in as:
  • stowaway in propagation material;
  • by digging of channels through which basins are connected with each other;
  • angling and fisheries;
  • import of pet poultry;
  • Import of garden and pond;
  • bring seeds and plants from holiday;
  • use as biological control agents;
  • ballast water of ships;
  • stowaway in imported products;
  • forestry.

Damage

Invasive alien species can be harmful in various ways for different ones areas in nature and society. There can be damage to:
  • nature and biodiversity
  • environment
  • agriculture and horticulture
  • public health
  • welfare
  • water management
  • energy and industry
  • buildings
  • hospitality and recreation
  • economic damage

Species

Invasive alien species in the Netherlands include the following animals and plants:
Animals:
Nile geese on Ameland - Photo Rinnie Wijnstra
  • American bullfrog;
  • Indian ring neck;
  • nile goose;
  • Japanese squirrel;
  • Giant hogweed;
  • American crayfish;
  • Japanese oyster;
  • muntjac;
  • sika deer;
  • Asian long-horned beetle;
  • horse chestnut leaf miner;
  • potato beetle.

Plants
  • Rice grass;
  • ambrosia;
  • water pennywort;
  • water impeller;
  • Hottentot fig;
  • water hyacinth;
  • narrow waterweed.

Platform Stop invasive species

On May 22, 2009, the Biodiversity Day, the platform was erected.
The platform aims to prevent entry, establishment and spread of exotic species and minimization.

Team Invasive Exotics

The government takes action when there is a risk from invasive alien species. The introduced species that do not belong here but they do not endanger let the government alone.
In the Netherlands Team Invasive Exotics operates under the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation. TIE in the performance of the Dutch exotic species policy. The team looks to the invasive alien species with respect to harm to nature, health, economy and security.
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