A football knee is an injury in which there is a tear in the meniscus within or outside of the meniscus. Judging by the name, you would think that it only occurs in athletes involved in football. But that is not the case. Even people who never play sport can get a football knee.
A meniscus is a piece of cartilage in the form of a orange slice located between the articular cartilage of the femur and the tibia of the lower leg. A meniscus is designed to fit the spherical joint surface of the thigh and the flat surface of the lower leg on each other. A meniscus also acts as a shock absorber when advancing.
When a tear in a meniscus is thus spoken of a football knee. A football knee is usually caused by a wrong turning. It occurs mainly in young adults. In many cases is that during exercise and especially during the football that the injury takes its name football knee.
But also in other sports, there is risk of contracting a football knee. Particularly those sports that turns to be made. However, a football knee can also occur in a very different way than in sports. In old age can namely, by reducing elasticity and wear and tear of the meniscus, also result in a tear in a meniscus, and thus cause a football knee.
The pain at a football knee felt all day and usually worsens when walking. It is also possible that hits by tearing loose a portion of the damaged meniscus, and then hits clamp. At that time, the knee can no longer be extended. By rotating the knee the broken part can sometimes snap back into place again. But by no means always hurt the knee that actually there is a torn meniscus. In the vast majority of cases, a sprain is the cause of the pain. These complaints usually disappear within three months.
A doctor can not always be fixed immediately establish whether it really is a football knee. However, this has been the case if it finds that as a result of the injury moisture in the knee arise. Radiographs ?? s can not always give a definite answer because there only bone is observable and no cartilage that make up a meniscus. However, it is with more certainty through a study with contrast indicate whether there is a football knee. At this examination is injected with a needle contrast in the knee after X-rays are made ?? s. The liquid will accumulate in the crack to what on the picture ?? s is clearly perceptible.
An alternative to the investigation with contrast fluid, which is accompanied by a very painful puncture, is a MRI examination. This research, however, is very costly and therefore is less frequently executed. Also, do not investigate every hospital has equipment for MRI.
Because with some studies can not be determined with complete certainty whether it really is a football knee is usually waited three months for persistent symptoms or the disease goes away by itself, before finally proceeding to a so-called keyhole surgery. In a check operation, a viewer is inserted at the front of the knee. The viewer functions as a lens which is connected to a video camera which has a connection to a display. With a broken meniscus the broken particle is removed immediately. Sometimes, the meniscus can, if necessary, be attached during surgery. The operation takes about half an hour in which the patient ?? ?? morning comes and the evening can go home.
The patient can walk immediately after surgery with crutches are not necessary but sometimes nice for the first few days. The knee should be bent paying attention that the wounds did not burst. Showering may after the wounds have healed. Patients twenty years can usually after a week or two weather sports but older people should take more time there. Rule of thumb is for every decade older than twenty a week longer wait sports.