Hay fever: symptoms, medications and hay fever tablets

Health Ruinf20 August 8, 2016 0 0
Hay fever symptoms and treatment. Hay fever symptoms include sneezing; runny nose; itching of the nose; itchy, watery, red eyes; dry throat and cough; chest tightness and shortness of breath or wheezing; eye problems. Other hay fever symptoms include fatigue; headache and sometimes skin complaints. Hay fever is also known as hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis. Hay fever is a form of rhinitis. Hay fever is an allergic reaction to pollen from grasses, trees, flowers or herbs. There is no medicine that hay fever can be cured. However, there are several treatment options, such as hay fever tablets.

Hay fever symptoms and hay fever tablets

  • What is hay fever?
  • Hay fever symptoms
  • When you get hay fever?
  • What can you do against hay fever?
  • Medications and hay fever hay fever tablets
  • Antihistamines
  • Cromoglycate in nasal spray or eye drops
  • Corticosteroids steroids in a nasal spray
  • Decongestants hay fever
  • Immunotherapy or desensitization

What is hay fever?

Hay fever is a form of allergy, a verdreven'afweerreactie the body against allergens. In hay fever that tree pollen or grass pollen: invisibly small particles of pollen of flowering trees or grasses in the air. As soon as the eyes, nose, mouth, throat or trachea of ​​a person coming into contact with hay fever with the allergen, in this case, the pollen, the mucous membranes become stimulated, which can give problems.
Hay fever symptoms
Hay fever symptoms

Hay fever symptoms

Hay fever can show the following signs and symptoms:
  • itchy nose and frequent sneezing;
  • nasal congestion or a "runny nose";
  • itchy, watery or burning eyes / red eyes;
  • your throat is dry and burning feeling, which you have to cough;
  • sore throat;
  • a feeling of fullness in the head;
  • headache;
  • a feverish and tired feeling;
  • your lungs and respiratory tract may also be affected and may cause bronchoconstriction exposure to the allergen, ie the more closely the airways, resulting in wheezing, tightness of the chest and shortness of breath and difficulty breathing;
  • clogged ears;
  • itching ears;
  • fatigue and listlessness;
  • itchy palate.

When you get hay fever?

The complaints arose when grasses, plants and trees in bloom which you are allergic. Most trees, grasses and plants bloom sometime between February and September. During this time you also have a chance for signs and symptoms of hay fever. The real peak hay fever season is in May and June, when the grasses flourish. When the different trees, grasses and flowering plants is largely dependent on the weather. A warm winter can cause the hay fever period starts earlier. The weather also affects the amount of pollen that float through the air. The chance of pollen in the air is greatest on sunny, warm and windy days. Rainy days are for people with hay fever often a blessing, because the pollen then be flushed out of the air. The pollen calendar shows exactly when a grass, tree or weed thrives.
Source: www.umcg.nl

What can you do against hay fever?

You can try contact with the allergen try to avoid as much as possible. This is subject to the following advice:
  • in the grass pollen season, keep windows and doors closed as much as possible;
  • afternoon and on hot and windy days, the pollen concentration is highest;
  • on the website you can keep the weather in mind;
  • there are a lot of pollen in the air near lawns;
  • at sea and in the mountains, the pollen concentration is usually the lowest;
  • try to avoid smoke.

Medications and hay fever hay fever tablets

There is no medicine that hay fever can be cured. However, the symptoms can be controlled and the symptoms are alleviated. There are ways to prevent or reduce hay fever reactions. The following summary provides information about the various medications.


There are anti-allergy or anti-histamines to take in and anti-allergy products in nasal sprays and eye drops. An antihistamine suppresses allergic reactions that block the action of the substance in the body histamine. Histamine is released in the body during an allergic reaction. In hay fever it is an allergic reaction to pollen of flowering trees or plants.
Antihistamines to take in
Antihistamines are safe medicines. They are not addictive and rarely is habit forming. Antihistamines can be used both ad-hoc and chronic. People with hay fever can start taking antihistamines, well before the grass or pollen season begins. This is called chronic use. Ad hoc can use an antihistamine to prevent an allergic reaction. Someone who is allergic to cats, takes a few hours before he comes in contact with the agent in cats. Whether he used the drug when a reaction occurs.
Antihistamines can be classified into two types:
  • narcotic; and
  • dulling.

Narcotic means they have sleepiness and drowsiness as a side effect. The newer antihistamines have this side effect less. Like all medicines, antihistamines can cause side effects. Always read the leaflet before use.
Examples of antihistamines to take in his cetirizine, clemastine, desloratadine, fexofenadine, ketotifen, levocetirizine and loratadine. Cetirizine and loratadine are available without prescription.
During pregnancy and during the period of breastfeeding the use of these drugs should be avoided. The placenta or through breast-feeding are drugs in the body of the child justified. Question to the doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Antihistamines in nasal sprays and eye drops
The nasal spray is effective in the nose and eyes and eye drops only work in the eye. You can use this agent is best used in the morning and evening. Use this medication for as long as you have symptoms.
Examples of antihistamines in nasal sprays and eye drops are azelastine eye drops and azelastine nasal spray, emedastine eye drops, eye drops ketotifen, levocabastine eye drops and levocabastine nasal spray. Azelastine nasal spray is freely available. The remaining funds were only available by prescription. For these drugs money they should not be used during pregnancy and lactation.

Cromoglycate in nasal spray or eye drops

Cromoglycate inhibits the release of substances from mast cells as a result of an allergic reaction. This will prevent allergic symptoms. This drug can not be used in an attack of allergic symptoms, because they only work use after a few days. Examples include cromoglycate nedocromil eye drops and eye drops.
The leaflet states that cromoglycate eye drops if known during pregnancy and lactation without objection can be used according to specifications. This self-care medication is also available without a prescription.
For nedocromil eye drops is that it should not be used during pregnancy. While taking this medication should not breastfeed also be given.
This drug is only available on prescription.

Corticosteroids steroids in a nasal spray

Adrenocortical hormones in a nasal spray are used in long-term symptoms of allergy. It has anti-inflammatory and reduces allergic symptoms. It is called a respiratory protector that protects against respiratory stimuli that cause distress. Nasal sprays work on average after three to 10 days after the first application.
Examples are beclomethasone, budesonide, flunisolide, fluticasone, mometasone, and triamcinolone acetonide. These medications are only available on prescription. According to the leaflet beclomethasone can if known to be used during pregnancy as prescribed. When using this plea can not be breastfed. Always read the leaflet first. Possible side effects of these drugs include
  • bloody discharge from the nose;
  • sneezing attacks immediately after use; and
  • mold in the nose.

Decongestants hay fever

Decongestants are resources in the form of nose drops or a nasal spray to clear a stuffy nose again. They are used, inter alia, in the treatment of a blockage caused by allergies, such as hay fever. Among the most commonly used decongestants include oxymetazoline, phenylephrine, and ephedrine. These drugs are available without prescription.
For oxymetazoline nasal drops / nasal spray is that this means if known without danger as prescribed during pregnancy can be used. This means, however, should not be repeated during pregnancy. This means do not use during lactation.

Immunotherapy or desensitization

Desensitization means 'desensitize'. By desensitizing the patient gets through drops under the tongue, tablets or subcutaneous injections, the stimulus given where he is allergic to. The administration takes place for three to five years in increasing quantity. The body will gradually get used to the stimulus and after a fixed period of time to respond less pronounced.
Note: Before you use drugs, is that you always good to read the leaflet. Do not rely solely on the information above. Please refer to ask your doctor or pharmacist.