- What is hay fever?
- Hay fever symptoms
- When you get hay fever?
- What can you do against hay fever?
- Medications and hay fever hay fever tablets
- Cromoglycate in nasal spray or eye drops
- Corticosteroids steroids in a nasal spray
- Decongestants hay fever
- Immunotherapy or desensitization
Hay fever symptoms
Hay fever symptoms
- itchy nose and frequent sneezing;
- nasal congestion or a "runny nose";
- itchy, watery or burning eyes / red eyes;
- your throat is dry and burning feeling, which you have to cough;
- sore throat;
- a feeling of fullness in the head;
- a feverish and tired feeling;
- your lungs and respiratory tract may also be affected and may cause bronchoconstriction exposure to the allergen, ie the more closely the airways, resulting in wheezing, tightness of the chest and shortness of breath and difficulty breathing;
- clogged ears;
- itching ears;
- fatigue and listlessness;
- itchy palate.
- in the grass pollen season, keep windows and doors closed as much as possible;
- afternoon and on hot and windy days, the pollen concentration is highest;
- on the website you can keep the weather in mind;
- there are a lot of pollen in the air near lawns;
- at sea and in the mountains, the pollen concentration is usually the lowest;
- try to avoid smoke.
Antihistamines to take in
Antihistamines are safe medicines. They are not addictive and rarely is habit forming. Antihistamines can be used both ad-hoc and chronic. People with hay fever can start taking antihistamines, well before the grass or pollen season begins. This is called chronic use. Ad hoc can use an antihistamine to prevent an allergic reaction. Someone who is allergic to cats, takes a few hours before he comes in contact with the agent in cats. Whether he used the drug when a reaction occurs.
Antihistamines can be classified into two types:
- narcotic; and
Narcotic means they have sleepiness and drowsiness as a side effect. The newer antihistamines have this side effect less. Like all medicines, antihistamines can cause side effects. Always read the leaflet before use.
Examples of antihistamines to take in his cetirizine, clemastine, desloratadine, fexofenadine, ketotifen, levocetirizine and loratadine. Cetirizine and loratadine are available without prescription.
During pregnancy and during the period of breastfeeding the use of these drugs should be avoided. The placenta or through breast-feeding are drugs in the body of the child justified. Question to the doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Antihistamines in nasal sprays and eye drops
The nasal spray is effective in the nose and eyes and eye drops only work in the eye. You can use this agent is best used in the morning and evening. Use this medication for as long as you have symptoms.
Examples of antihistamines in nasal sprays and eye drops are azelastine eye drops and azelastine nasal spray, emedastine eye drops, eye drops ketotifen, levocabastine eye drops and levocabastine nasal spray. Azelastine nasal spray is freely available. The remaining funds were only available by prescription. For these drugs money they should not be used during pregnancy and lactation.
The leaflet states that cromoglycate eye drops if known during pregnancy and lactation without objection can be used according to specifications. This self-care medication is also available without a prescription.
For nedocromil eye drops is that it should not be used during pregnancy. While taking this medication should not breastfeed also be given.
This drug is only available on prescription.
Examples are beclomethasone, budesonide, flunisolide, fluticasone, mometasone, and triamcinolone acetonide. These medications are only available on prescription. According to the leaflet beclomethasone can if known to be used during pregnancy as prescribed. When using this plea can not be breastfed. Always read the leaflet first. Possible side effects of these drugs include
- bloody discharge from the nose;
- sneezing attacks immediately after use; and
- mold in the nose.
For oxymetazoline nasal drops / nasal spray is that this means if known without danger as prescribed during pregnancy can be used. This means, however, should not be repeated during pregnancy. This means do not use during lactation.
Note: Before you use drugs, is that you always good to read the leaflet. Do not rely solely on the information above. Please refer to ask your doctor or pharmacist.