Heart failure, causes and consequences

Health silveraaron August 8, 2016 7 0
Dying each year about 4% of the Dutch to the consequences of failure. This includes more men than women. Many people do not know that unhealthy eating, smoking, drinking a lot here influence.

Heart failure, or congestive heart failure

Heart failure is called in Latin congestive heart failure. In a person with heart failure, the heart can not pump enough blood to meet around the tissues. The cardiac output decreases extremely, and as a result, also lowers blood pressure.

How does the heart?

Briefly explained the heart works like this: Oxygen-poor blood is pumped from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs where it absorbs oxygen ?? ??. From there, the now oxygen-rich blood to the atrium of the left-hand half of the heart, is pumped into the left ventricle and is pumped into the aorta from here. The blood goes through many ramifications of this artery to all tissues in the body and provides the tissues of oxygen because blood cedes these oxygen. The deoxygenated blood that remains goes through the atrium of the right heart and the right ventricle to the lungs again, to re-absorb oxygen.

Causes of heart failure

At 60 ?? 70% of the people suffering from heart failure is a prior myocardial infarction here, the cause of it. In a myocardial infarction reduces the function of the heart in that a piece of tissue of the heart dies ??. ??
Other causes of heart failure include:
  • Abnormalities of coronary arteries or cardiac valves,
  • Prolonged high blood pressure,
  • Cardiomyopathy; the heart muscle is severely thickened and may be less well pumps,
  • Greatly enlarged heart, causing the heart muscle is weakened,
  • Atrial fibrillation; irregular heart rhythm,
  • Heart muscle infections,
  • Alcohol,
  • Certain medications,
  • Lack of vitamins.

The body has a number of compensation mechanisms, making them causes naturally be prevented. For example, by enlargement of the heart muscle is ensured that the heart can be again to pump harder. But at some point, these compensatory mechanisms also start working against you. Increasing the heart rate is eventually a serious strain on your heart.

Symptoms of heart failure

  • Fatigue,
  • Shortness of breath,
  • Coughing / wheezing,
  • Edema,
  • Nocturia,
  • Loss of appetite and nausea,
  • Cyanosis (blue discolouration of the lips, fingers and toes due to pulmonary congestion and narrowing of the arteries,
  • Memory and concentration problems.

These symptoms can obviously vary considerably. For most people it is true that the heart health slowly deteriorates, whereby the person is being increasingly hampered by fatigue.

Examination and therapy for heart failure

If you think you recognize the above symptoms, it is important that you take it to the doctor, who will examine you then.
Some examples of treatments for heart failure are:
  • Through medication improve the pumping function of the heart,
  • Sodium restriction,
  • Moisture Control,
  • Adequate nutrition for the best possible physical condition,
  • Good balance between activity and rest,
  • If necessary, stop smoking,

In severe heart failure require surgery to a new ?? ?? heart muscle to apply (using a part of your back muscle), or even a heart transplant.