Herbs: Rosemary, Rosemarinum officinalis

House & Garden InsomniacOvrLrd August 8, 2016 7 4
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Rosemary is a beautiful evergreen shrub that is extremely aromatic and always has been in high regard as a culinary herb and as a medicinal herb. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region; the Latin name Rosmarinus comes from the words ros and marinus, so an herb sprayed by the sea which grew everywhere along the Mediterranean.

Characteristics:

The ancient Greeks had a tonic effect on the mind and memory to it and rosemary as a result was a symbol of remembrance, love and friendship with births, weddings and funerals. Our poet Vondel even used rosemary as a symbol of mourning as he sings about the death of his daughter Saartje.
Rosemary has a pungent resinous flavor with a delicious perfume and gives its delicate but definite flavor to many dishes. Rosemary affects weak digestion, bloating, neuralgic pains and possesses the ability to stimulate blood circulation and other functions. This is caused, because it has a pushing action blood and dilates the tissue to be treated with it. Such results are achieved by rubbing the affected areas with rosemary oil.
Water in which rosemary is decocted forms a good skin lotion, and can also be added to the bath water. When used her shampoo or hair water, this is the hair growth benefit.

Appearance of the plant:

Rosemary is a perennial and a member of the family of labiates. He is in our country about 80 cm to 1 m tall. He has a woody trunk with many branches and succulent leaves, which are about 2 cm long, curling a little to like pine needles. They are linear and rolled over, green above and gray-green hairy at the bottom where the oil are also tipped. The delicate light blue flowers grow in clusters on short twig in the leaf axils. Their flower heads contain many active volatiles. The whole plant: flowers, leaves and steal, emits a spicy aromatic fragrance.

Breeding:

Rosemary grows best in slightly sandy, fairly dry soil, preferably with a layer of calcium carbonate. The latter, because he simply needs lime. This also can be a lot or some egg shells or some wood-ash by one or two bushes by mixing the soil either lime or marl magnesiakalkmergel through the ground to do around the plants. This is especially good for humus poor soil. He has a sheltered spot needed in the south where it gets plenty of sun. The most suitable place on a wall. The oil content of flowers and leaves, much depends on the degree of protection and the amount of sun the plant can get. Apart from this demand, the plant needs little: plain pouring and occasional excess leaf growth prune are the only requirements. He once well excited, so it can often be picked for use in the kitchen, you do not need further care to devote to this shrub.
Propagation can be done by seed, cuttings, root rupture and discard. The seeds should be sown in shallow trenches of 15 cm apart. In the open field is the month April-suited for this purpose. The seedlings are a cm or 6, they can be transplanted to move to a culture bed where each plant is 15 crn2 is assigned. Finally, they are planted 90 cm from each other. It is said that the most beautiful plants are grown from seed, but it's hard to let it germinate. It's faster and easier to propagate them by cuttings, you do so cuts in February or March of the bushes, either late May or June when the plants are flowering. These cuttings should be about 15 cm long, sandy soil in a shady spot for two-thirds are inserted into the ground, they prefer to leave under a bell jar root. The excited clones may then next autumn move to their permanent location. Scheuring root can happen after two or three years with well developed plants. Thereby you avoid that the plants are spindly and also guarantees the preservation of the correct leaf color. Discarding is another easy way to multiply. This can happen throughout the summer simply a piece or some of the lower branches with a layer covering sandy soil.
Rosemary is sensitive to cold harsh winds and frost as he stands exposed and especially if it grows at an unsuitable soil type. Although it has been noted that rosemary plants in England and also in our country considerably smaller size than elsewhere, they not only grow but also finer pieces fragrant, such as lavender and peppermint. Perhaps this is due to the humid climate and longer daylight.
If you want to overwinter rosemary outside, he should be covered. Feather onset of winter, he should not be too far pruned and this must be done no later than August to allow the new shoots have time to be hardy. Then get the ground the roots coated a layer of leaf mold. Is there really frost danger, the whole plant is covered with leaves and thus for example over a coarse woven basket, weighted with stones from blowing over.
In the spring, the plant must gradually adjust to the outside and are initially freed only in beautiful sunny weather of their coverage. It has been established that after a particularly harsh winter rosemary bushes that were in a sheltered place ?? on the south, with a house in front and one on the west wall ?? rather than death were less protected plants. This may be caused by insufficient drainage of the soil the plants because they had not sufficiently hardened against such winters, although their roots were covered with a thick layer of snow.

Breeding:

You can plant a cash appropriated for this purpose or a locker cuttings from a plant in the garden. Want a rosemary bush in the garden will grow as houseplants, then to about a third of its original size to be pruned. The plant must be obtained first from this surgery and have developed viable new shoots before they can move in. To this end they must be put in a pot with a soil mixture of humus and sand, and is gradually accustomed to the room temperature. There is a reclining variety which is particularly suitable because the heavy stems the branches to bend downwards, so that they hang down along the pot. These plants, which in the summer can stand outside in pots, grow well in sandy loam soil with compost or well-rotted manure and a piece of kibble or some limestone at the bottom of the pot. Once in pots need them every day over what are sprayed with lukewarm water. They bloom better if they are constantly being trimmed.

Harvesting and drying:

Rosemary Leaves can of the second year will be plucked off in any season for kitchen use. If the leaves are harvested for drying, you can postpone it better to late August, so the plants are given sufficient time to form hardy runners. The shoots should be cut off to just above the timber, and then dried at once, so that nothing is lost of the volatile oil. Just want to dry the leaves as a culinary herb, the green twigs and anything else you need to leaves of woody branches can afrissen on nets are dried in a ventilated drying cabinet in the dark; This should not take too long. The dried leaves somewhat resemble pine needles. If they were dried in the right way, they have retained their green color, and they do not covered for the fresh herb. The flowers as a condiment desired, then they should just is loaded or they come into full bloom to be be plucked and end a sunny day needs to be sorted. The drying is done at a very low temperature to preserve their beautiful color.
When harvesting in August, there will hardly be a flowering period, but under certain circumstances, the plants produce flowers in September.

Taste Effects:

Due to its special spicy resinous special taste, rosemary is a very special culinary herb which is now very popular, partly because of the increasing familiarity with the cuisine from all around the Mediterranean. Turtle soup to marinades, from seafood to spicy quail, partridge and venison you see: Rosemary is an herb of choice to spice freak eat, but also the everyday meat, animal and vegetable dishes. Chopped fresh marjoram jams also provides a very distinct flavor and this also applies to fruit jellies and sweet sauces. Chopped or powdered by sand kneaded the dough, this produces delicious cookies, which once again very different from the tea flavors. The herb is used in herb butter, further aspics with spices, herbs, vinegar and spices honey.
To bowl of cider or red wine gives it a very distinctive flavor and also makes a refreshing beverage that makes better digest a sumptuous meal.

Use

  • Hors d ?? oeuvres: in ravioli or i.d. with hamvulling; cocktails of fruits or vegetables.
  • Eggs and cheese omelets; scrambled eggs; cream cheese; cheese sauce. Soups, stews and sauces: chicken eggs, pea, spinach, and turtle soup; ministrone; meat soups.
  • Meat and fish: beef, lamb, pork, grilled and roast veal; in marinades for meat; to fish with a pronounced taste like salmon, eel, halibut.
  • Poultry and game: light sprinkle inside and out before roasting or grilling chicken, duck, pheasant, quail; fillings; rabbit; partridge; ree.
  • Vegetables: beans, green peas, cauliflower; mushrooms, vegetable broth; risotto; roasted or baked potatoes. Sweets and drinks: apple jelly, jams, jellies; in cookies; summer fruit drinks ?? bowl; fruit salad; bowls from wine and cider; rosemary sugar.

Recipe: Italian lamb

1 kilo young lamb ?? over 3 tablespoons oil ?? chopped garlic ?? 2 teaspoons crushed rosemary ?? salt ?? about 2 dl dry white wine ?? 1 tablespoon lemon juice ?? dl broth.
Preparation:
Cut lamb into cubes of about 4 cm. Heat oil in heavy saucepan or meat tin. Fruit garlic. Fry meat brown on all sides and add rosemary, then salt. Add wine and lemon juice. Then add a little broth if more moisture is needed. Put lid on the pan and cook this dish, depending on the tenderness of the meat 25-60 minutes simmer very gently cooked. Do you need some sauce then stir just before serving by:
1 teaspoon flour, stirred smooth in just 4 dl bouillon and tie the meat from it by the court to have a few minutes to cook.

Recipes: For medical purposes

  • Rosemary Tea: one teaspoon of leaves per cup, two cups a day, with rosemary and juniper lovage boiled a potent diuretic drink.
  • Rosemary Wine: dried leaves or fresh chopped young twigs to add white wine. After eight days pull the wine is filtered bottled repeated. At most two glasses of this wine a day to drink and no more than two consecutive months.
  • Rosemary Liqueur: good brandy in the same way herbs like rosemary wine and no more than two small liqueur glasses per day of drinking here.
  • Rosemary Oil: tops and leaves in good vegetable oil a week away in the sun and then filter.
What does rosemary with the hair? Rosemary stimulates hair growth.
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