Multiple sclerosis

Health PatalacX August 8, 2016 1 0
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Multiple sclerosis, abbreviated to MS is a disease in which the central nervous system is affected. This has all sorts of nasty symptoms due to such failure of various functions. Thus paralysis occur, jerky movements, eye disorders, difficulty with speech and much more. MS can occur already in children, often from the age of 8. More often it occurs around the age of 30 years. Treatment is possible, however, does not cure.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is often abbreviated to MS, and is also known under the name of sclerosis multiplex. It is a disease that affects not only occurs in adult, but also in children. Often reveals the disease between the 20th and 40th year of life. Of every ten patients with MS gets one of these 10 people have symptoms before or during puberty. On average, 1 in 800 to 1 000 people MS. We see the disease more common in girls than in boys.

What does this disease exactly?

Many people have ever heard of multiple sclerosis. However, the majority does not know exactly which means the disease. MS is a disease of the central nervous system. The central nervous system consists of the spinal cord and the brains. The central nervous system is very important, it includes the following functions:
  • Control of movements
  • Observing sight, sound, smell and taste
  • Memory
  • Secretion of hormones
  • Regulation of metabolism
  • Day and night rhythm
The central nervous system includes nerves that arise from many nerve fibers. Nerve fibers contain insulating myelin sheaths. Nerve cells conduct electrical impulses. The axon is the offshoot of these nerve cells. Among these are the myelin sheath. Myelin provides electrical impulses but also ensures that no incorrect impulses are transmitted. Without myelin, the messages are not passed on.
Why is this explanation? Being in the MS disease just goes to the myelin. MS is characterized in that the myelin is affected in such a way, that the electric impulses are transmitted less and less well, and eventually no longer at all. Another phenomenon is the occurrence of tumors in the supporting tissue. MS is a serious disease.

Cause

Often the cause is unknown. Nevertheless, there are a number of factors which appear to play a role. It is often thought that MS is an autoimmune disease. The immune system does this by unknown causes in action against its own tissue. It switches to attend myelin. Another cause is a viral infection with a long incubation period. This may also arise MS. An inflammation reaction of the nerves is a likely cause. Genetic predisposition plays a role, but this does not mean that MS is more common within a family Arise

Symptoms

Because of the loss of myelin occurs ultimately loss of function. The symptoms can be highly variable. There may be only one attack, but also of several. In addition, strong deterioration may occur accompanied by a long convalescence. The following symptoms are familiar with MS:
  • Increasing paralysis of the limbs
  • Spastic phenomena
  • Stiff muscles
  • Balance problems
  • Vision problems
  • Feeling Disorders
  • Coordination disorders
  • Itching all over the body
  • A burning sensation
  • Incontinence
  • Constipation
  • Problems with speech and language
  • Fatigue
  • Trembling or shaking of limbs during exercise
  • Psychological changes
There may be slow deterioration or acute deterioration. Often we see periods of recovery and it will get better. A deterioration takes place over a period of several hours to several days. A period of recovery can be variable, from a few days to several months. Occasionally there will be less restoration and more deterioration, but sometimes the balance between recovery and decline continues for a long time the same.

Treatment

Treatment is primarily focused on reducing the symptoms and complaints. Rust will cause the body to repair, but should not be confused with total tranquility. In addition, medications can suppress the immune response of the immune system so that less demyelination occurs. These drugs are administered only if symptoms worsen or increase. After a number of days, can be stopped again with these drugs, because they also affect the rest of the immune system. Also, other drugs may be used. Often people with MS a lower content of vitamin D. It is important to take in vitamin D supplements. Rehabilitation through exercise causes the symptoms diminish quickly. It is possible to play sports with MS, see the article "Multiple Sclerosis and sport." By sport reduced stiffness and the balance and the balance positively influenced. In addition, it improves the condition.
Finally, it should be said that MS is not fatal. The life expectancy for people with MS is just as high as for people without this disease, despite the nasty consequences that brings the illness.
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