1. Dutch, especially young people, are more critical compared Israel
Approximately 33% compared to Israel is more critical than in the past. About 50% think the security fence a violation of human rights. Only one Israel will always continue to support the seven Dutch and says hear Judea, Samaria, East Jerusalem and the Golan to Israel. Christians and non-Christians may think otherwise. Young people are especially critical towards Israel. In other countries there is less difference between young and elderly.
Really startling these results are not. Who looks at the media coverage which became increasingly hostile towards Israel, messages then this must mean that Dutch people have become more critical with regard to Israel. Also Netherlands itself obviously changed greatly in population composition. There are many Muslims in the Netherlands more than 40 years ago. They are generally negative about Israel. Furthermore, the number of Christians has fallen sharply. And the band of Christians with Israel by the Christian faith determined that Israel still especially as the land of Jesus or the origin of Christianity is seen and much less the land of Judaism. Although after World War II, many Christians have come to think more positively about Jews exist among Christians are still many prejudices and misconceptions about Jews also have an impact on Israel. That many young people are negative about Israel is our view primarily due to inadequate knowledge about the country and its negative reporting on Israel which they grow up.
2. There are many divisions and nuance
In general, the Dutchman is neutral with respect to Israel. 15-25% is positive, negative is 15-25%. There must be taken against anti-Semitism. About Judaism as positive as they think about other religions. The image Attn Israel is mixed. If nothing happens, it's likely that people will think negatively about Israel because of the young people who are more critical and because the number of Christians falling.
The study shows not WHAT needs to be done to avoid a negative attitude towards Israel. It refers to the conflict with the Palestinians? If so, how should it be changed? A two-state solution does not necessarily mean the end of the conflict. It can even lead to the conflict only increases, especially given the fact that a Palestinian dictatorship is established where Jews should not and can live. Will democratic Israel can cooperate with the dictatorial Palestine? If not, then not again this leads to conflicts? Also, there is absolutely no certainty that Palestine will not come into the hands of extremists For them, the peace treaty with Israel worth nothing. Even then there will be another conflict break out.
3. Protestants are much more positive about Israel
Previously it was mainly a difference between Christians and non-Christians. But nowadays there is difference within Christianity, Catholics have become much more anti-Israel. Only 10% are pro-Israel and 16% see the Jews as a chosen people. When Protestants who figures and 30% pro-Israel and 50% see the Jews as the chosen.
These figures are very misleading. First of all Catholics have always been less pro-Israel. The Vatican recognized Israel late. Second, the Protestants especially within the right-wing Christian pro-Israel. These provide the relatively high percentage of 30%. As for the term ?? Chosen People ?? it should be said that many Christians interpret this term incorrectly, that chosen in the sense of being more special than the others. But this interpretation is not correct. Chosen to say that Jews have to witness the task of the unity of God. And for many Christians is that message anyway very difficult to understand. This is clear from the fact that although they occasionally listen to the Jewish interpretation of the Bible but in most cases, yet again indicate a Christian twist. Should Christians Jews really consider if elected they would have long ago have distanced themselves from the Trinity and the oneness of God accepted. They would also observe the Noahide commandments will be. Unfortunately, that also among Protestants does not work, just as the Catholics.
4. There is much ignorance about the origin of Israel and little involvement
- 1 in 4 Dutch know that the UN voted for the creation of the Jewish state, the Palestinians also were offered a state, and that Jews already lived in Palestine before the establishment of the State of Israel.
- Many people think that Israel is twice as large as the Netherlands.
- Only 4% following the developments operating in Israel.
In fact, the ignorance about Israel is even greater. Most people only associate Israel with the Israeli-Palestinian / Arab conflict. Other knowledge of the country is minimal. This is in our opinion one of the biggest problems for Israel in the portrayal in the media. Pro-Israel supporters do our view, too little to provide a better image to portray Israel in the media much more background information on the country where politics plays a lesser role. They are limited to the political conflict. This creates a totally distorted picture of the country. This is clear from this study that people think that Israel is twice the size of Israel. This is clearly caused by the selective coverage of Israel that uses suggestive language in discussions such as' Greater Israel 'and' grabbing of land by Israel.
Obviously we share or the vision of pro-Israel supporters that Israel must be defended in the media, but this must be done in a broader context by not only about politics but also about other things in Israel held talk in the media. The more knowledge people have about Israel, the better the political conflict can be placed in its proper context.
5. Debt conflict both parties
The debt of the conflict is predominantly deposited on both sides. But one tends Palestinians to give the benefit of the doubt: Israel was founded on Palestinian land once ?? 15% disagree); criticized security fence; 44% against 13% speak about occupied territories.
This study shows that many people really do not know well the history of Israel. Namely that the Jews the UN plan to have accepted to Palestine, and the Palestinians did not. It is also not fully aware that Palestinians have always used violence, even at the time of negotiations. The criticism of the security fence proves that many people find that Israel obviously can not defend itself against suicide attacks. It also indicates that Israel's citizens in Judea and Samaria apparently may not protect as many feel that the fence / wall should not be built in parts of the West Bank. Finally, not many realize that what the Palestinians are the Jews doing the same thing that happened at that time in Europe, where Jews also regarded as undesirable people.
6. two-state solution as ideally
Most Dutch people, including many Muslims advocate a two-state solution. Still, says 24% more than that Palestinians and Jews must live in binational state.
It is unfortunate that it is not clear from the study how a two-state solution or a binational state should look like. We talk too easily by many of these types of solutions. In both cases, formidable obstacles have to be overcome. Thus applies to both options as a condition that the Palestinians live in a free democratic state. If not, both solutions are doomed to failure. Cooperation between democratic Israel and a dictatorial Palestine will run extremely slowly. Would Jews and Palestinians live in a binational state than it is already impossible. Palestinian parties Fatah and Hamas can not possibly function in a democratic state. Just the fact that both Fatah and Hamas look down on Jews as 'untermenschen' constitutes an insurmountable obstacle. And there are many things to name both a two-state solution as a bi-national state impossible.
7. Negative attitudes towards Muslims leads not to greater understanding of Israel
Many Dutch are negative about Muslims, but this does not mean that there is more understanding for the Israeli situation. It is unclear whether there is a religious and political conflict.
Again shoot the study too short. Namely, there is no explanation given for the lack of a link between the negative attitude towards Muslims, and no more understanding for Israel. For example, researchers would have to ask whether they just see the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as a cause for their negative view of Muslims or that is another reason for this.