Altruism is behavior that is motivated by unselfish solicitude for the welfare of others.
Under heroism encompasses actions include the courageous risk to achieve socially desirable goal, such as saving the life of a stranger.
There are several reasons why people may or may not help one another in case of an accident. There may be talk of "diffusion of responsibility". This is the idea that the more bystanders there are, the less responsible one is. In addition, there may be of the "bystander effect". It is thought that other people than it will help and assist therefore do not or not immediately.
There are several crucial steps that you go through help around:
There are some situational factors that influence helping or not helping. Thus one helps anyone quickly one would. And someone who is not responsible for the situation he is we help faster. When we also have models or examples that show prosocial behavior, we show this yourself faster.
If people have positive emotions they show faster prosocial behavior. Someone who is extremely optimistic can set an emergency, however, interpret faster wrong.
If people have negative emotions they exhibit less prosocial behavior. An emergency can motivate someone because they can help you get a better sense of it.
Very young children seem to respond already stressed by people with stress.
There are three forms of perspective taking:
- Imagine how someone else sees an event or experience
- Imagine how you would feel if you could witness the event
- You can empathize with a fictitious person and event
Some people enjoy the pain of another, while others want to risk their lives to enlighten anyone ?? s pain.
According to Strayer we are all born with a biological capacity for empathy, but it depends on our experiences whether we develop it or not.
When we are securely attached and a role model we develop faster empathy. When we have aggressive parents we develop less empathy, and when we have a bad influence on our friends.
Women have on average more empathy than men.
Empathy is faster if you can identify yourself with the other.
- Belief in a just and fair world
- Social responsibility
- Internal locus of control
- Low self-centeredness
Why do you volunteer?
- Values: Expressing important values themselves
- Understanding and knowledge: learn more about the world or skills
- Strengthen himself psychologically to grow and develop
- Career: to gain experience that we can use later
- Social: strengthening social relations
- Protection of Self: to reduce negative feelings
Motives moral dilemma about whether or not to help:
Self-interest: selfishness, do what makes the most gratification for yourself
Moral integrity: tendency to show morally right behavior
Moral hypocrisy: pretending to be morally correct busy while you're trying to do less as possible effort
Help can also be found unpleasant. For example, one can cede a place to sit in the train experienced as the other feels superior.
One feels best when one has to be helped to the idea based on positive feelings toward themselves.
Why we show prosocial behavior?
- Empathy-altruism: help on principle and because it feels good. Selective altruism is helping one person while the whole group needs help.
- Help you let feel less bad
- Empathetic fun: positive emotion that follows from the knowledge that one person ?? s life happier
- Adaptive response: you help faster someone who looks like you, selection based on what genes you find attractive