Purim: the book of Esther Part IV

Miscellaneous DenNorske December 9, 2016 0 10
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Cursed be Haman who tried to destroy me; blessed Mordechai the Jew, 'Cursed is Zeresh, the wife of the terrible; blessed be Esther who both intervened in the name of me. Cursed be all the wicked; Blessed are all the righteous. And Harbona should also be remembered favorably. This is a continuation of Part III.

Then said King Ahasuerus and said to Queen Esther

Rashi:
Until this point, the king said to Esther through an intermediary. Now that she revealed that she was and descendant of King Saul, he spoke directly to her.

Omwond one Haman's face

Targum:
Covered in shame.
Ibn Ezra:
The servants of the king covered his face "because it was the custom in the Persian court to cover the face of someone who was not the king."

And Harbona, one of the king officiating courtiers, said ...

Purim prayer
Cursed be Haman who tried to destroy me; blessed Mordechai the Jew, 'Cursed is Zeresh, the wife of the terrible; blessed be Esther who both intervened in the name of me. Cursed be all the wicked; Blessed are all the righteous. And Harbona should also be remembered favorably.

When the writers of the king were summoned ...

Rokeach:
This verse describes the opposite of what is written in verse 3:12, where the issuing of the judgment to kill the Jews almost written in the same language. This verse, however, contains three words more than its opposite, thereby alluding to the three days that counted the decree. Also, because of its meaning, this verse is the longest in the Torah.

The Jews had light and gladness, joy and honor of sharing cases

Talmud, Megillah 16b
"Light" refers to the Torah, "happiness" to the parties, "joy" to genital mutilation and "honor" the Tefillin

For the dread of the Jews had fallen on them

Rabbi Moshe Isserles:
The awe of Heaven was experienced by the Jews of such intensity that even the rural people inspired in which to convert them inspired.

They made that a day of feast and joy

Levush Mordecai:
Hanukkah celebrates the triumph of the Jewish soul. The Greeks are trying not to kill the Jews; they seek to destroy them spiritually by indoctrinating them with Hellenism. Thus, Hanukkah is celebrated with the lighting of lights, a symbol of spirituality.
Purim celebrates the deliverance of the Jewish physically exist on the plot of Haman who tried to destroy the Jews. Thus Purim is celebrated physically.
Talmud, Megillah 7b
Rava said: A person should drink on Purim until he does not know the difference between cursed Haman and blessed Mordechai.
Lubavitcher Rebbe:
There are four levels of joy:
  • Serve God with joy. This joy is secondary to the primary goal: to serve God.
  • "Rejoice in your festivals". Here is the joy of the mitzvah itself, but the joy is related to a specific cause, the party.
  • "When Adar begins takes great joy." The joy of Adar is not derived from any mitzvah.
  • "The joy of Purim" On Purim, one is not oblivious to the source of joy, but even the joy itself.

  • The joy of Purim is an expression of the deepest dimension of the soul that transcends the consciousness of the ego. It was this level, it was revealed during the days of Mordechai and Esther and led to the liberation which transcended the natural order in the same way.

    And would give gifts to the poor

    Lubavitcher Rebbe:
    Not charity, but gifts. Charity is giving money to the poor out of pity. Gifts are exchanged between peers as an expression of friendship.

    Determined the Jews and names

    Talmud, Shabbat 88a
    For God gave the Torah to the Jews, He held the mountain over them and said to them: "If you accept the Torah, fine; if you do not do your cemetery's there."
    But they accepted the written back in the days of Ahasuerus, for it says: "The Jews determined and names" they defined in the days of Ahasuerus what they had already taken on the Sinai.
    Maharal:
    The astonishing event of Sinai, the Jews consumed with fire and love. So each and acceptance during this intense condition could not be regarded as free choice. In the days of Purim, the Jew remained, however, committed to the Torah despite the Godless environment.

    And that these days should be remembered and celebrated

    Rabbi Isaac Luria:
    Literally commemorated and celebrated "when a party is properly remembered when it is revived, indeed, one can gain access to the spiritual influences that were manifest in the original holiday.

    So this Poeriemdagen from among the Jews would not disappear, nor should cease their memory in their offspring

    One of the laws on the reading of the Megillah is that "One who reads the Megillah backwards has not fulfilled his obligation." The simple meaning of this law is that the Book of Esther is to be read in order, not starting with chapter 10 and ending with chapter one.
    Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov explained the deeper meaning of this law: Someone's Book of Esther "backward" -as read an account of an event that thousands of years ago gebeurde- misses the whole point of the mitzvah of reading the Megillah. The story told by the Megillah, is the story of our everyday life, in all times and under all conditions.

    This Poeriemdagen

    Zohar
    Yom Kippur can be translated as a day like Purim. This emphasizes that the loftiness of Purim surpasses even that of Yom Kippur.
    Lubavitcher Rebbe;
    There are hardly find two more dissimilar days on the Jewish calendar. On Yom Kippur we dress in white angels, refraining from food and drink and a host of other physical pleasures, and devote ourselves to prayer and repentance. Conversely, Purim is celebrated in a very physical way: giving money to the poor, sending gifts to friends, partying and drinking -in celebrating a miracle that showed God's involvement in the world within the context of the nature, and showed the intrinsic unity of the universe that is rooted in the Oneness of the Creator.
    But in reality, Yom Kippur is a day like Purim -both are points in time that exceed the physical laws of physical existence. Yom Kippur achieves this by transcending the physical; Purim is the day that the physical itself displayed as a miracle.
    Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi
    Our wise have said: Even if all the parties become obsolete, Purim will continue. In the Messianic Age, the joy and peace of the celebrations will be an everyday experience. Their light will be like that of a candle in daylight. Yet even in those advanced spiritual climate, the magnificence of Purim will still be something to celebrate.
    More information: Home - Judaism: Jewish Holidays / Shabbat.
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