Pyrrho and pyrronistisch skepticism

Miscellaneous LobsterNipples August 7, 2016 0 0
Pyrrho was the first skeptic. Nowadays skepticism is often written as ?? ?? skepticism, so having a c instead of k. But this is the Latinization of the ancient Greek word. The skepticism is the philosophical movement that says that we can know nothing. The pyrronistisch skepticism differs hereof. According to a pyrronistisch skeptic, even the proposition that nothing can be known dogmatic. Pyrronistisch a skeptic remains in a state of continuous doubt, continues to seek out the truth and dissociates itself from unproven claims. Pyrrho has become skeptic, since, according to Pyrrho, against any proposition or assertion to the contrary can be said with equal fairness. In other words, throughout his or arguments for and against, and ultimately you can never know whether something is or is not the case. Very little is known about the life of Pyrrho. According to Diogenes Laertius, a Greek-language biographer probably from the early 3rd century, Pyrrho grew up in poor circumstances. Originally, he would have been a painter, a moderate. Then he was fascinated by philosophy. He was apprenticed to Stilpo and presumably Bryson, pupil of Socrates. Both were Megarian dialecticians. The doctrine of Democritus would have affected him. Democritus was a Atomist. Atomists claimed that the reality is built of tiny indivisible particles, atoms.

The expedition of Alexander the Great to India

Pyrrho went below apprenticed to Anaxarchus philosopher of Abdera. Anaxarchus belonged to the school of Democritus. Along with Anaxarchus and others Pyrrho went along on the expedition of Alexander the Great to India. In India he would at ?? naked wise men ??, Gymnosophists, have gone into the leather. Literally translated a Gymnosofist is a naked philosopher ?? ??. The Indian philosophers live a radically ascetic life, ie as clean as possible life where desires are suppressed. Even clothes and food they saw as a violation of the purity of thought.

Followers in Greece

Back in Greece he chose a simple lifestyle, probably due to his encounter with the Gymnosophists. Yet he was highly respected by the people of Elis, and also by the Athenians. Athens knew him eventually to citizenship. It is claimed that not only his simple lifestyle, but also his philosophy was the result of the meeting with the Gymnosophists, but which is unclear.
How he then came upon his philosophy, back to Greece, he got several followers. Chief among his followers was Timon of Philius. He seemed to have gotten some notoriety. Travel writer Pausanias wrote about a picture of him on the marketplace of Elis. Diogenes wrote that he was high priest, and did not have to pay city tax more in his honor philosophers. It is unclear how reliable they were as sources. Pyrrho himself, perhaps with the exception of some lost poetry on the expedition of Alexander the Great, nothing written. Timon of Philius, but the problem is that he wrote as a worshiper and not neutral. Yet Timon is probably the most reliable source concerning Pyrrho.


Pyrrho said that since nothing can be known, Ataxaria is the only correct attitude to life. Ataxaria is freedom from anxiety. According to scriptures, he applied in practice. It is recorded that, because he did not trust his senses, he stepped aside for passersby or any danger. His friends should have helped him in this. But, there is also again said that he does his life in a sensible way could perform.
Pyrrho is often portrayed as always, in any circumstances whatsoever, calm abiding. This does Timon For example, although he probably gives an idealized picture of Pyrrho. Even during a storm on a ship or a surgery would have remained calm Pyrrho. Timon suggests that the calm is the result of not interfering in philosophical research or debate. Several anecdotes states that Pyrrho no value on the normal conventions of society, such as disapproval of others. What is true and not true remains unclear, but together give the source a consistent portrait. Perhaps this gives an ideal that Pyrrho was seeking and what he has achieved sufficient.

The pyrrhonism School

His followers is still no school emerged. This did not happen until several centuries after his time. In the 1st century BCE Aenesidemus pyrronistische founded the school. The relationship between the school and Pyrrho is somewhat unclear. The source of the pyrrhonism is a philosopher Sextus Empiricus, who wrote here in the 2nd or 3rd century in his work Against the Mathematicians ?? ??.
The school pyrrhonism at that time was not the only skeptical school in the Greco-Roman world. Indeed, there was also the skeptical Academy, which Carneadas was the most famous skeptic. Carneadas stated: ?? Nothing can be sure, even this ??. The Pyrrhonists even saw the proposition that nothing can be known as dogmatic.