Pyrrho was the first skeptic. Nowadays skepticism is often written as ?? ?? skepticism, so having a c instead of k. But this is the Latinization of the ancient Greek word. The skepticism is the philosophical movement that says that we can know nothing. The pyrronistisch skepticism differs hereof. According to a pyrronistisch skeptic, even the proposition that nothing can be known dogmatic. Pyrronistisch a skeptic remains in a state of continuous doubt, continues to seek out the truth and dissociates itself from unproven claims. Pyrrho has become skeptic, since, according to Pyrrho, against any proposition or assertion to the contrary can be said with equal fairness. In other words, throughout his or arguments for and against, and ultimately you can never know whether something is or is not the case. Very little is known about the life of Pyrrho. According to Diogenes Laertius, a Greek-language biographer probably from the early 3rd century, Pyrrho grew up in poor circumstances. Originally, he would have been a painter, a moderate. Then he was fascinated by philosophy. He was apprenticed to Stilpo and presumably Bryson, pupil of Socrates. Both were Megarian dialecticians. The doctrine of Democritus would have affected him. Democritus was a Atomist. Atomists claimed that the reality is built of tiny indivisible particles, atoms.
How he then came upon his philosophy, back to Greece, he got several followers. Chief among his followers was Timon of Philius. He seemed to have gotten some notoriety. Travel writer Pausanias wrote about a picture of him on the marketplace of Elis. Diogenes wrote that he was high priest, and did not have to pay city tax more in his honor philosophers. It is unclear how reliable they were as sources. Pyrrho himself, perhaps with the exception of some lost poetry on the expedition of Alexander the Great, nothing written. Timon of Philius, but the problem is that he wrote as a worshiper and not neutral. Yet Timon is probably the most reliable source concerning Pyrrho.
Pyrrho is often portrayed as always, in any circumstances whatsoever, calm abiding. This does Timon For example, although he probably gives an idealized picture of Pyrrho. Even during a storm on a ship or a surgery would have remained calm Pyrrho. Timon suggests that the calm is the result of not interfering in philosophical research or debate. Several anecdotes states that Pyrrho no value on the normal conventions of society, such as disapproval of others. What is true and not true remains unclear, but together give the source a consistent portrait. Perhaps this gives an ideal that Pyrrho was seeking and what he has achieved sufficient.
The school pyrrhonism at that time was not the only skeptical school in the Greco-Roman world. Indeed, there was also the skeptical Academy, which Carneadas was the most famous skeptic. Carneadas stated: ?? Nothing can be sure, even this ??. The Pyrrhonists even saw the proposition that nothing can be known as dogmatic.
Pyrrho and pyrronistisch skepticism