The twelve steps to recovery from addiction, also known as the Minnesota model is one of the most used methods to recover from addiction. Several addiction institutions have in recent years moved to the Minnesota model. What makes this approach of this program so special?
Originally, the model was established by the Oxford Group, not to be confused with the Oxford Movement. The Oxford Group was founded by the pastor dr. Frank Buchman. Buchman was inspired by his teacher Robert E. Speer and his book The Principles of Jesus ?? ??. Buchman was convinced that people can change if they realize that they must repent of sinful lives and ask God for help. Through prayer, meditation, and another to confess the sins there was a group of people who held great attraction to the area.
In 1935 have, to drink addicted stockbroker and a surgeon founded a fraternity to support each other to stay sober. Through contacts with members of the Oxford Group one was thrilled by the method and results ?? ??. The two friends then went their separate ways and they soon gave himself the name Alcoholics Anonymous ?? ?? . Subsequently, the weekly bees comings of the genesis of friends the Twelve Steps to recovery. Until today, the program is based on the principles of the Oxford Group: recover from addiction is possible only if you believe that a Power greater than yourself, you can create sanity.
We admitted we were powerless over alcohol - that our lives had become unmanageable.
We came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.
Decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him personally.
We made a searching and fearless moral inventory of our lives.
We admitted to God, to ourselves and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.
We were entirely ready to have God remove all to let our character flaws.
Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
We made a list of the names of all who had suffered through our loss and grief and declared our willingness to do all this to them all.
We have where possible this was direct amends to such people made, except where this would injure them or others.
We made a habit of examining ourselves and immediately recognized the mistakes we had made.
Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our contact with God as we understood Him personally, deepen, and only begged him to make us know His will and the power to carry that out.
Now these steps have led us to a spiritual awakening, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, and these principles in all our and leave to pursue.
The Minnesota Model is then fanned out across the globe. Since its inception, many people thanks to the Twelve Steps Model may find the path to recovery. Around 1949 introduced dr. Henk Krauweel the Twelve Steps Model in Netherlands. The first AA group was in Amsterdam started with a simple translation which was known as the Red Book ?? ??.
Meanwhile, several clinics have started the Minnesota Model. As a result, there have arisen several variants. The big difference is then in two aspects:
in one is the emphasis on Christian character and may be more open with the other.
there is a distinction between the use of the internal program in which, therefore, a counselor is present, and, the support group. When no support group counselor is present and the anonymity of paramount importance.
Below are some interesting websites including the site of Hazelden, the nerve center of the twelve step model. On that site you can find a lot of scientific research in the field of addiction and treatment.