Removing Kidney Stones

Health P0WR2THP0NERS August 8, 2016 0 0
Kidney stones occur in the renal pelvis and are often characterized by a kind of stone. A kidney stone may have different sizes, from a small pebble into a big stone. The largest stone ever had a diameter of 17 cm. Removing Kidney stones can in different ways, depending on the size.

What is a kidney stone?

A kidney stone is in the kidney, but can come loose and end up elsewhere in the urinary tract. When a kidney stone ends up in the bladder, it is called a bladder stone. Kidney stones develop because the urine becomes too saturated with crystals. This may be various types of crystals. For example, kidney stones consist of calcium, struvite, uric acid and cystine. Kidney stones of calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate and struvite are most common.

Causes of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are twice as common in men than in women. More than 1 percent of the population has kidney stones, but only 0.1 percent of the population has symptoms. Age also plays a role: often the first kidney stone is formed around the age of 25. This is not to say that there are already complaints occur. Often symptoms occur until years later. The most common causes for the development of kidney stones include:
  • A bacterium, which converts urea to ammonia and carbon dioxide. People who often have bladder infections, are more susceptible to kidney stones.
  • Cystinuria, a metabolic disease caused by cystine kidney stones.
  • Too little drink leaving too little urine is formed.
  • Shortage of certain crystals.
  • A disruption of the acidity of the urine by wrong diet.
  • Certain types of fish and meat produce uric acid stones.
  • High doses of vitamin C and D.
  • Excess salt in the diet.

Development of stone

Crystals can crystallize: they adhere to each other and take a fixed shape. Because crystals precipitate in the urine, they may become attached to each other. These crystals are taken from the blood, from the diet, of drugs or are products of certain bacteria. Crystals that adhere to one another quickly form a kidney stone the size of a grain. At the surface of these small kidney stones easily attach new crystals. Kidney stones may be getting bigger and sometimes come loose from the renal pelvis. They then end up in the ureter or bladder.
  • Kidney stones rarely make complaints unless they are bigger. Then, the following symptoms may occur:
  • Painful urination
  • Colic in urination
  • Sometimes blood in the urine

Removal of kidney stones

Very small kidney stones are sometimes pees himself out without the patient even noticing it. Many drink helps to prevent kidney stones and possibly wash away. Sometimes there is a sudden pain and cramping in the back, abdomen, groin or the loin. In women, sometimes the pain radiates to the labia, in men to the scrotum or penis. The pain one feels the urge to move: it reduces pain often. When going to the bathroom to urinate, pain may suddenly disappeared. Chances are great that there was a stone in the road that caused the pain, and that the kidney stone is urine.
If the stone is not naturally excreted through urine within a few days, a physician should intervene. Medicated uric acid stones can be solved. The physician has to keep an eye or the pH of the urine stone acid is not too high, since it may then turn into a calcium phosphate rock.
In other cases, may be kidney stones crushed. With a lithotripter is generated by means of shock waves energy. As a result, the stone is crushed and can be urine. The stone can be gripped with a gripping tongs or trap net and are removed in this way. The urinary tract are flushed properly during surgery. Often, the doctor inserts after a double-J-catheter into the urethra, so that discharged urine will be easier. This catheter remains in place. Sometimes, the patient also receives a catheter into the bladder so that grit is discharged more easily. This latter catheter is sometimes removed. The above two treatments done under anesthesia. Afterwards there is a colicky pain occur. Sometimes, the diet should be permanently adjusted to prevent new kidney stones occur. The patient is then on a lifelong diet. Often, this diet includes a significant reduction in meat, salt free food or adaptations of vitamins or minerals in the diet.
In some cases, the kidney is damaged by the many kidney stones and removal. This is called a kidney patient. Often, additional medication is necessary. Although this risk is small, it is always present.