Becoming independent in 1830 in Belgium as a kingdom was not without a struggle. There was a lot of struggle to advance a large number of casualties. That battle, the Belgian Revolution, especially in Brussels waged against the government army. That army was led by the son of Prince Frederick William I who ruled over the Northern and Southern Netherlands. The United Kingdom of the Netherlands did not last long because the Southern Netherlands the authoritarian rule of William I was not tolerated.
The Belgian Revolution would also have had the economic crisis, with high unemployment among manual workers from the emerging mechanization of the industrial revolution. Another cause of the bad times, the rising cost of food due to the failed harvest of 1829. Both these factors meant that many poor laborers were easy street to get to compete for a number of ambitious politicians.
The immediate cause of the revolution was the performance of a romantic nationalist opera at the Royal Theatre in Brussels. Opera titled ?? La Muette de Portici ?? tempers put in motion so that the audience afterwards ?? Vive la liberté ?? continued to cry. On the evening of August 25, 1830 the home of publisher Libry-Bagnano was looted. Also Van Maanen minister got smashed by the stabbing fire to his house. That minister was a big supporter of the language policy of King William I who ruled the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Tempers came mainly in motion after hearing an aria from the opera with the text:
Amour sacré de la patrie,
Rends-nous l ?? audace et la Show Pride;
A mon pays you dois la vie.
Il me Devra sa liberté.
Holy love for the homeland,
Give us the courage and pride;
To my country, I owe my life.
It will have to thank me his freedom.
Ignited by riot destroyed the unemployed a day later in the factories steam engines and mechanical looms that would be the cause of unemployment. Also looted food supplies through them. The same kind of actions took place in cities such as Bergen, Huy, Leuven, Liège, Namur and Verviers.
It became clear that the legal authorities could not cope with the new situation in which the bourgeoisie responded by vigilantes set up. Waiting managed to quickly restore order after the college of notables in Brussels on August 28 sent a deputy to King William. They wanted to achieve that would be minister Van Maanen dismissed and that the States-General in an emergency meeting would discuss the issues.
King William sent his son, Crown Prince Willem, under the aegis of the Brussels vigilante, to Brussels. His other son, Prince Frederick, meanwhile, was as commander of the army in Vilvoorde finished with a large army. Crown Prince Willem was on September 3 by tightening the vigilante for the cart to plead with his father for an administrative separation of the Southern and Northern Netherlands. King William I took it for weeks no decision. That happened on September 29 when it was already too late.
In early September, the riots in Brussels were also violent after reinforcements had arrived from Liege. On September 23 the government army with 12,000 men marched into Brussels led by Prince Frederik. The army settled in the Warandapark where the target of the Brussels insurgents with their reinforcements from everywhere. The reinforcements even came from France in agreement with the French government, which therefore meant the annexation of the Southern Netherlands to be able to accomplish to France.
After four days of fighting and hundreds of deaths and injuries broke the government army on the night of 26 on 27 September. The army consisted largely of their own people who no longer wanted to fight and where soldiers deserted en masse. There was as revolutionary government a provisional government. On October 4 was proclaimed the independence from the government. In early November, a National Congress was elected confirming the declaration of independence on 10 November. Shortly thereafter he was elected on November 22 by the Congress of the monarchy as a form whereby Belgium as a state became a fact.