Risk exposure to HIV. What should I do?

Health dubsi July 25, 2016 0 13
HIV is an incurable virus, which is now treatable. A few years ago, HIV led inevitably to AIDS and death. Medications which should inhibit the HIV virus were sometimes so onerous that they could constitute a cause of death in itself. With the advent of combination therapy in 1996, it is possible to live a reasonably normal life with HIV. It starts on time with the treatment they need to swallow one pill per day, and average life expectancy similar to people who do not carry with them the virus. But prevention is better than cure. If it is not to prevent further, timely treatment is necessary. Without treatment, HIV is still as dangerous as ever.

Condom use and HIV testing behavior

In the Netherlands, homosexual active men with varying contacts overrepresented in the population of HIV-positive people in the Netherlands. However, the HIV virus is not limited to gay men. Prostitutes and drug addicts are other risk groups but also heterosexual men and women have been exposed to the HIV virus. Due to the aging one currently is also worried about HIV transmission among sexually active elderly.
The sexual education concerning HIV for many years focused exclusively on condom use. To promote the HIV test had less sense, because an HIV-positive result meant little more than a death sentence for the tested. Nowadays the focus of sex education shifted slightly from "safe sex" to "Let your test." Possible reasons for this are:
  • Until a few years ago it was difficult to move people to take an HIV test because a seropositive result meant nothing more than an irrevocable death sentence. Now, HIV is now treatable, delivers doing an HIV test - whatever the outcome - always a benefit to the tested.
  • The HIV test plays two ways an important role in the prevention of HIV spread: people who know they are HIV positive are found to have sex safely with others and the risk of HIV transmission is significantly reduced when a person with HIV a low viral load is by treatment.
  • Despite thirty years of intensive education that focused on encouraging condom use, still prove a lot of people - even within risk groups - still without sex condom. Now, treatment for HIV is possible, nowadays especially to treat people with HIV actual life-saving tool.

Why people do not use condoms

Especially from people who have many sexual partners and belong to a risk group is not always understood at a societal level why they do not always have sex with a condom. However, apart from the risk of HIV, there appear to be other factors which affect condom use. Fear of rejection by the partner when it introduces a condom or reduce sexual pleasure can be a reason to omit the condom. Even people who advance the intention always to use a condom do not always do this. The constant use of condoms appears - as can be after thirty years - for some to require an unattainable discipline. Then it is important what someone after a sustained risk of HIV can do best.

What should I do if I ran a risk?

When people - when they had the intention - for whatever reason still have had unprotected sex, a feeling of regret or anxiety may occur. Then it is nice to know what to do and what one could be better.
Do not go endlessly roam the Internet
Some people will - when they think the risk of walking - on Internet to look for specific information. In this way, they are trying to find out if they run a real risk in their situation. However, the chances are that they encounter thus unreliable, outdated and conflicting information. HIV is a virus which one the last thirty years has come gradually to know more about. We know at present is still not all. The Internet has been around for twenty years an important source of information for many people and so many roam outdated articles on the internet around. Also, it is not always clearly distinguishable when someone gives his personal view on the risks of HIV and if it really is a reliable representation of what is currently known. Concerned scientists are far not always agree with each other. Medici who are less up-to-date advise unintentionally based on outdated information. It is mentioned that GPs may not always act the same with a possible HIV infection. Information of an expert in this field, for example a doctor on a specialized STD clinic would be the most reliable from all sources to be consulted.
Inquire about the possibilities of PEP
Until 72 hours after the risk incurred there is a possibility of a so-called PEP treatment. That means you take HIV drugs for one month. Despite the fact that it is not certain, there has existed for years a considerable suspicion that when one starts to such a cure within 72 hours, the chance that a permanent HIV infection can be considerably reduced. It is then important that you are there as quickly as possible. The sooner you start, the better. A PEP treatment is offered by well-known SOA policy. In Amsterdam, you could use the First Aid - mail, for example Our Lady's Hospital or contact the GGD STI clinic in Amsterdam. On the website you can find a phone number.
A specialist doctor will always make a risk assessment. Where the risk is outweighed by the physical demands of a PEP regimen, it will not be offered. This means that the risk of HIV transmission is small. When you will be offered, you should be aware that taking these pills 'violent' and can be very stressful.
Get tested after three months
Whether you have walked or not at high risk, have swallowed or not PEP is always advisable to do an HIV test after three months. Here you are not obliged to. Only an HIV test after three months, you can rule definitively that the risk you've walked no HIV infection has caused. This can provide the necessary reassurance. If it turns out that you have HIV, this may be a special psychological blow. Usually you get but well supervised. In the longer term you protect your own health as well as the health of others.