Self-medication: 8 laxatives against constipation

Health SIZUNO August 8, 2016 0 22
Self-medication: 8 laxatives against constipation

Stress, a change in diet or a trip can disrupt transit. To remedy this, various laxatives are available in pharmacies. Here is a practical guide. Consume without abusing it!

 Contents of this article
  •  Several families of laxatives
  •  1. Transipeg
  •  2. Duphalac
  •  3. Ispaghul Mucivital Arkogélules
  •  4. Transit Laxeov Cubes Apple-Apricot
  •  5. OptiFibre
  •  6. Melaxose
  •  7. Dulcolax
  •  8. Glycerin Suppositories Gifrer

It is never pleasant. Bloating, a feeling of heaviness or abdominal pain often accompany a slow transit. If these symptoms are mild most of the time, however, we must avoid slipping into chronic constipation, characterized by infrequent or difficult bowel movements for at least six months.

The first thing to do is to respect his feelings of need. The time spent to the toilet should be sufficient, and intimate enough not to cause any additional problems. It is advisable, if one does not suffer from gluten intolerance or irritable bowel syndrome, eating more grains and vegetables and dried fruit. But changing his eating habits takes time and is not always enough. A laxative is useful.

Several families of laxatives

  • Mild laxatives are better tolerated. They increase the hydration of the stool so that they modify their volume and their consistency, facilitating transit. Said ballast laxatives are composed of plant fibers such as wheat bran, guar gum, seeds of ispaghula or linen. They act in two to three days. To reduce bloating, it is better to gradually increase the dosage. From a little faster action, so-called osmotic laxatives are sugars or large molecules which are neither digested nor absorbed by the body.
  • Lubricant laxatives act within 24 hours. based paraffin oil or petroleum jelly, they can induce an unpleasant anal seepage. Took a few months, they sometimes fall, in some people, the absorption of vitamins A, D, E and K. They are, however, interesting if the stools are hard.
  • Stimulant laxatives operate 5 to 10 hours, but they irritate the intestinal mucosa. These are synthetic molecules or plants such as buckthorn, senna, cascara, aloe and rhubarb. By increasing the secretion of water into the intestine and stimulating the mucosa, they promote the contraction of the digestive tube and allow bowel movement. If they are convenient to use because available in capsules, tablets or teas, they lose the transit usually run by itself. Especially, they are not devoid of side effects: disorders of hydration and colitis, among others. So make sure to reserve at very punctual taken to troubleshoot, especially when traveling, and for 5 to 7 days, 10 maximum.
  • Express solutions, suppositories or enema rectally, act in less than an hour. They cause by reflex contraction of the rectum, but they are uncomfortable to use. If they can occasionally be useful, so do not use them too often because they are irritants. They are not suitable for people prone to breakouts or suffering from hemorrhoidal inflammatory disease of the colon.

1. Transipeg

, About € 3.49 box of 20 sachets.

Composition: macrogol 3350, a mild laxative called "osmotic". Lemon flavor.

The +: a drug reimbursed on prescription. A good long-term tolerance. Therefore, this type of laxative is prescribed for chronic constipation.

The -: a single dose, which is only suitable for adults.

In which case ? To act smoothly in case of occasional constipation. From 15 years.

In practice: 1-2 sachets each day diluted in a glass of water. To be taken at once, preferably in the morning. Its effectiveness is not immediate: it occurs after 24 to 48 hours.

The pharmacist's advice: a well-tolerated laxative that generally does not cause bloating or abdominal pain. Start with one packet daily for two to three days before increasing the dose if necessary to 2 sachets per day.

2. Duphalac

, About € 2.81 box of 20 sachets dose of oral solution.

The composition: lactulose, a mild laxative osmotic type. Neutral aroma.

The +: suitable for the whole family. It is even considered a reference laxative in children. Inexpensive, it can be repaid on prescription. His grip is possible without water.

The -: a little less effective than macrogol. A bloating and abdominal pain occasionally occur.

In which case ? For the whole family and at the age of 7 years, in case of occasional constipation.

In practice: from 15, 1-3 sachets per day taken pure, as is, or diluted in a beverage. Between the ages of 7-14 years, 1 sachet per day. Begins to act after 24 to 48 hours.

The pharmacist's advice: there is a drinkable bottle version, which can be administered to children under 7 years.

3. Ispaghul Mucivital Arkogélules

, € 6.40 About box of 45 capsules. Available in boxes of 150 capsules, approximately € 16.70.

The composition of the ispaghula, a mild laxative "ballast".

The +: plant fibers that are found in many drugs. A dietary supplement capsules presented, convenient to carry around.

The -: the effect is not immediate but begins 48 hours after dosing.

In which case ? From 7 years to an action on the temporary constipation.

In practice: a capsule morning, noon and evening to take with a full glass of water. In children, it is possible to open the capsules and mix with food.

The pharmacist's advice: think well hydrated to reinforce the action of the bulk laxatives. The ispaghul is well tolerated soluble fiber. It is suitable for people who suffer from the symptoms of irritable bowel because it causes little
bloating and abdominal pain.

4. Transit Laxeov Cubes Apple-Apricot

, About € 11 box of 20 chewable cubes.

The composition: a mild laxative ballast, consisting of apricot pulp, apple puree, prebiotics,
oat and wheat bran fiber.

The +: fruit fiber, oats and wheat bran that stimulate smooth transit, associated with prebiotics that have a beneficial effect on the intestinal flora.

The -: the effect on transit is not immediate. Counting two to three days to observe the effectiveness of the product. Possible bloating due fructooligosaccharides.

In which case ? For the whole family, from 3 years old, in case of temporary constipation or prevention, before a trip, for example.

Practice: 1 cube chewable per day for children between 3 and 9 years. 1-2 cubes per day from 10 years and adults.

The pharmacist's advice: to cure 10-15 days to regulate transit. A plum-raisin-fig version is also available.

5. OptiFibre

, 9-11 € about the pot of 125 g. Available in 250 g format.

Composition: powder hydrolyzed guar fiber.

The +: extracted from a legume, these soft plant fibers behave as a ballast laxative: they increase stool bulk. A very fine powder to the neutral taste which is easily incorporated in the diet.

The -: the action is not immediate. According to each profile, it can manifest after 3-5 days of use.

In which case ? For the whole family, from 3 years to regulate transit in case of a tendency to constipation.

In practice: To reduce bloating, start with a powder scoop for 2-3 days and then increase to a maximum of three to four per day in adults. To be diluted in 200 ml of liquid or food.

The pharmacist's advice: spread them taken throughout the day: the product does not change the taste or smell of food. If bloating, reduce doses and increase gradually.

6. Melaxose

, € 5.20 around the box with 6 sachets dose.

Composition: lactulose mild osmotic laxative, combined with paraffin oil and petroleum jelly, lubricant laxatives. Citrus taste.

The +: it is in 6 to 8 hours with the presence of paraffin oil. A formula without sugar. A paste to taste rather enjoyed, and ready to use bags.

The -: lubricant laxatives can cause a seepage and an anal irritation, even if their amount is lower than in other drugs.

In which case ? From 15 years for transient constipation. Avoid in people with swallowing problems.

Practice: 1 sachet daily in the evening. Do not take the medication in a lying position or just before bed because of the risk of "wrong".

The pharmacist's advice: take vitamin complexes remote laxative because paraffin oil reduces the absorption of vitamins A, D, E and K. In all cases, not to be taken for prolonged periods: one week of treatment to the fullest.

7. Dulcolax

, € 7.50 approx. Box 30 enteric tablets.

The composition of bisacodyl.

The +: rapid action from 5-6 hours after taking. A drug long used as a stimulant laxative.

The -: abdominal pain or diarrhea are possible.

In which case ? From 12 years in occasional use for quick action. Against-indicated in case of treatment for tension or heart, for decreased blood potassium levels causing heart rhythm disorders is possible.

In practice: 1-2 tablets a day preferably in the morning or evening. Take with a glass of water without chewing.

The pharmacist's advice: stimulant laxatives are also found in some herbal teas. Attention no prolonged use: these plants are irritating to
the intestinal mucosa ... even brew!

8. Glycerin Suppositories Gifrer

, € 2.55 approximately 10 suppositories box.

The composition: glycerol.

The +: a locally acting drug that acts quickly, in 5 to 30 minutes.

The -: a laxative suppository form, so not necessarily pleasant to use. Irritation with burning sensations or rectal bleeding are possible prolonged use.

In which case ? From 15 years in occasional use for quick action on constipation. Not recommended in case of hemorrhoidal tendency to breakouts.

Practice: 1 suppository, 5-30 minutes prior to the selected time. Not more than 2 suppositories per day.

The pharmacist's advice: there are versions adapted to children and infants. For use only in troubleshooting because these laxatives are irritating locally. In children, they can lose
the defecation reflex if used repeatedly.