Spleen Pain: Location, Symptoms and Cause

Health liv2die August 8, 2016 0 0
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The spleen is an organ which is located on the left side of the body, above the stomach and below the ribs. It is a part of the lymphatic system to fight infection and keep the body water balanced. Certain conditions may lead to the spleen will swell or even cracks.

Location

The spleen is part of the lymphatic system and plays an important role in the immune system and is responsible for filtering and removal of abnormal cells. The spleen is involved in many functions of the body giving it a high risk of illness and disease. The weight of the spleen of a normal healthy adult is about 200 grams and has about the size of a fist. The spleen is located on the left side of the body behind the stomach and is parallel with the ninth and eleventh rib. The structure is similar to the lymph node. The spleen is considered to be the largest organ of the lymphatic organ, and contains two types of tissue, also known as the white pulp and red pulp. The white pulp is the lymphoid tissues and is made up of white blood cells, whereas the red pulp consists of venous sinuses and spleen cords.
The spleen performs many functions in the human body but nevertheless people can survive perfectly well without this organ because many functions can be performed by other organs such as the liver and bone marrow.

Symptoms

It is quite difficult to identify spleen pain in the early stages. However, there are certain signs and symptoms that can help in determining spleen problems and rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms. These symptoms are usually rare and only manifest itself if the spleen has become big enough.
The common signs and symptoms of spleen pain are the following:
  • Sensation of pain in the upper left part of the abdomen.
  • The pain is worse with each deep breath.
  • The pain radiates to the back and shoulder.
  • Onset of high fever accompanied by spleen pain and chills.
  • Frequent outbreaks of infections that the patient will experience a disease as a recurring.
  • Night sweats
  • Loss of appetite and inability to eat a full meal.
  • Feeling of unease or discomfort
  • General body weakness and fatigue and restlessness.

Low blood pressure and internal bleeding can be a sign of a ruptured spleen which requires immediate medical attention because of its potentially life-threatening nature. Also frequent pains in the abdomen with deep breaths require rapid medical intervention.
A normal healthy spleen is usually not felt during a physical examination. Spleen pain causes the spleen will expand or swell so that they can be felt easily by the treating or examining physician. Starting spleen pain you can not ignore, however. Medical advice is certainly advisable to avoid medical complications and irreversible damage to the spleen.

Causes

The involvement of the spleen in various body increases the potential risk for diseases and disorders. Due to the soft, sponge-like structure of the spleen, it is also more susceptible to damage. A large number of diseases and conditions have an influence on the spleen and its function although several causes, there are at the basis of spleen pain.
Splenomegaly
Splenomegaly is a swelling of the spleen causing it to be off. This swelling will cause unnecessary pain and increase the chance of a break if it is left untreated. Here's a quick medical intervention is crucial because a ruptured spleen can have life threatening consequences. The enlargement of the spleen is liable to affect this vital function.
Mononucleosis
Mononucleosis is a viral infection that can cause pain to the spleen. The infection is characterized by a swollen lymph node and the occurrence of high fever. The level of mononuclear monocytes in the blood will be higher than normal.
Endocarditis
This is a bacterial infection of the lining of the heart or the endocardium. This is caused by a certain type of bacterium that infects other parts of the body and which is transported to the heart through infected blood.
Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a protozoan parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. This parasite is transmitted by infected cats.
Gaucher's disease
Gaucher disease is a rare genetic disease characterized by accumulation of fatty molecules called cerebrosides. This hereditary disease can affect multiple organs including the spleen.
Felty syndrome
It Felty syndrome is a syndrome consisting of three syndromes including splenomegaly, rheumatoid arthritis and a very low white blood cell count.
Blood disorders can lead to the enlargement of the spleen causing severe pains can be caused in this organ.
Polycythemia Vera
Polycythemia Vera is a chronic disease of the blood that is characterized by a rapid over-production in the bone marrow of both white and red blood cells including platelets.
Hemoglobinopathies
Hemoglobinopathy is another blood disorder that can cause pain to the spleen. It is a genetic disorder of the blood which is characterized by an abnormal hemoglobin level.
Other causes of pain in the spleen are the following:
  • A direct blow or injury to the spleen caused by any kind of physical trauma and accidents
  • Development of a cyst near the spleen
  • Press the lymphatic vessels by clogging

Treatment

Treatment of spleen pain is focused on curing the underlying condition causing the pain. The method of treatment depends on the underlying condition but the main action consists of fighting the pain in order to preserve the comfort of the patient.
Both pharmacological and surgical treatment are favorable for spleen pain. Medications to reduce the inflammation and enlargement of the spleen. Surgical removal of the spleen is another option for patients suffering from spleen pain even though there is as ?? n, after operation requires a careful control in order to avoid common infections.
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