Sugar age, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Health AlexCapownt July 26, 2016 2 13
Type 2 diabetes occurs slower, than type 1 diabetes mellitus. The complaints arise insidious by which the disease is only recognized after a long period of time. In type 2 operate at a given moment, the beta cells of the pancreas, these are the cells that produce insulin, not good. In the early stages there is insulin resistance in the liver, muscle and fat cells. The condition is often seen in people older than 40 years, but now also increasingly in children.


  • The cause of diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Complications of diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Drug treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2

The cause of diabetes mellitus type 2

The cause of diabetes mellitus type 2 is made up of two factors. Firstly, there is insulin resistance in the liver, muscle and fat cells to insulin is insufficient regulatory effect. Second, there is insufficient insulin secretion at a given time in order to maintain blood sugar levels. In this way, a relative insulin deficiency. Insulin resistance mentioned in the liver, muscle and fat cells exist is also called insulin resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome. This is a syndrome with a variety of abnormalities, such as elevated blood pressure, elevated blood glucose and insulin levels, which is a central adiposity abdominal fat, elevated triglyceride levels, LDL-cholesterol value, and a decreased HDL-cholesterol value, which is the ?? good ?? relates to cholesterol. The onset of type 2 diabetes is determined by both environmental factors and genetic factors.

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2

As mentioned earlier, has diabetes mellitus type 2 is an insidious and debilitating course regarding the complaints that one can get it. This is because they only developed after complaints arise clear hyperglycemia. Complaints that than can occur are:
  • Polydipsia
  • Polyuria
  • Loss of weight
  • Muscle weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Itch
  • Visual disturbances

Complications of type 2 diabetes mellitys

Diabetes mellitus type 2 has several complications. One of these complications is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. People with type 2 diabetes are four times more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks than people without this condition. There is also an increased risk of developing renal insufficiency. Furthermore, there is a risk for the development of neuropathy and retinopathy, which can lead to oogproblematiek. Diabetic ulcussen be at the feet often seen in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Non-pharmacological treatment of diabetes mellitus
In diabetes mellitus type 2, it is important that there are also non-pharmacological advice is given as to the risk of complications of the condition to make it as small as possible. Below is a list of non-pharmacological advice:
  • Stir sufficient, this is important because it can lead to the improvement of the condition, and thus to an improvement of the health. When the movement also leads to a decrease of the weight is the effect on the health even greater. Try every day more than 30 minutes to move moderately active. Moderately active exercise is brisk by cycling or brisk walking.
  • Eat well and healthy. This means in particular that especially less saturated fat and more unsaturated fat used to be and / or fiber-rich carbohydrates. So it is important to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. The intake of alcohol should be limited to one unit per day.
  • When one has a BMI is over 25 you lose. A decrease in the weight has many beneficial effects such as reduced glucose levels, lower blood pressure and improve the fat metabolism. This increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and age-sugar off.
  • Quit smoking.

When insulin production is still sufficient, a healthier lifestyle can further develop type 2 diabetes halt and reverse in part.

Drug treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2

There are several medications that can be given to type 2 diabetes mellitus and are often given oral medication. Oral drugs are only given when the person is not successful, after running out the non-drug advice, within three months below the target blood glucose levels. However, when someone has very high blood glucose levels, it is more likely with oral medications are started. There are three main groups of oral diabetes medications:
  • Metformin
  • Sulphonylureas
  • thiazolidinediones

When there is failure, there repaglinide may be given. Basically it is the first to start with metformin. If this does not provide sufficient effect, there may be a second oral drug are co-administered. When two oral diabetes medicines also give insufficient effect together, can be launched alongside the intake of oral medications with insulin.