Suriname, a diverse country

Entertainment wizilow July 25, 2016 0 12
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Suriname, a diverse country in South America. Versatile in cultures with a beautiful nature. Suriname borders French Guiana, Guyana, Brazil and the Atlantic Ocean.

Climate

Suriname is in the equatorial zone of the tropics and therefore has a tropical climate with average temperatures of around 27 ° C. Through the influence of the northeast trade wind, rain falls in all seasons. The coastal area is generally swampy with extensive tidal forests, which grow the famous mangroves. Mangroves are trees and shrubs that appear in the ecozones. It is a collection of flora and fauna that lives in an environment. South of the mangroves are the agricultural land with plantations and further south to begin the hill states with the dense tropical rainforests.
  • Population: 500,000
  • Language: official language is Dutch
  • Currency: Surinamese Dollar
  • When to go: January / m april, august / October
  • Time difference: 4 hours earlier
  • Travel time: ± 8 hours by plane
  • Size of land: 163 820 km2

Geography

Suriname has a number of major rivers.
  • Suriname: 480km long
  • Coppenamepunt: 150km long
  • Tapanahoni
  • Saramacca: 255km long
  • Corentyne: 700km long

All the rivers run from south to north.

Population

Suriname consists of a wide variety of breeds, each with its own identity, culture and religion.
  • Hindus: from the former British India. Constitute the largest bevolkginsgroep
  • Creoles: in Suriname, this is the collective name for all Surinamese black and colored people born in Suriname
  • Or Maroons Maroons: descendants of black slaves who fled to the woods. They live in tribes and stick to the traditional Geuze relievers African traditions and beliefs.
  • Javanese: from the former Netherlands East Indies. These are many traders and small farmers, living in Commewijne.
  • Indians, the original inhabitants. Divided into Lower Fuego Indians, living in the coastal areas. And Bovenlandsestraat Indians living in the interior.
  • The coastal Indians often work in nearby villages and towns, but retain their indigenous way of life. The Indians in the interior still live largely in small groups in a primitive way in the jungle and live by hunting and fishing.
  • Chinese people: the descendants of the contract worker from Hong Kong or the Dutch East Indies. They are mostly traders. At present many Chinese migrate to Suriname. This is due among other things to the need for China to timber and minerals, which is obviously attractive for Chinese entrepreneurs.
  • Whites, descendants of the Dutch, Madeira Portuguese, other Europeans, Lebanese, Syrians and Anglo-Americans. Especially Paramaribo and Wanica are inhabited by this group.
  • Bakra ?? s the whites who had just come to live in Suriname, or have no mixed blood.
  • Buru ?? s are the descendants of the white settlers who came in the mid-19th century from Groningen and Gelderland.
  • Brazilians: a new and growing group of people. The reason they came to Suriname, is to look for gold. However, they increasingly participate in other industries.

Surinamese in the Netherlands

In the Netherlands there are about 350,000 Surinamese. Most of them are around 1980/1982 went to the Netherlands, after the military coup or after the December murders. However, there was also migration from the colonial period between the Netherlands and Suriname. In the beginning were the wealthier, later from 1920/1930 were also the less wealthy Suriname to the Netherlands. They were seeking a better education, work or a career in music.
Most residents live in the north of Suriname, in the districts of Paramaribo, Wanica and Nickerie. The least densely populated District is Sipaliwini. Sipaliwini includes most of the interior.

Language

Partly due to the different races come there are about 20 different languages ​​spoken in Suriname. The official language is Netherlands, is in business dealings English in attendance. During the time of slavery developed ?? taki-taki. This is black-English, also called Sranan or Sranantongo. ?? Taki taki is a creole language spoken by almost every Surinamese.

Religion

The relationship between the religions look something like this:
  • 41% Christianity ?? half of these are Roman Catholic and half Protestant.
  • 20% Hinduism
  • 13% Islam
  • 10% no religion or another
  • 16% No data

Paramaribo

The capital of Suriname is located 20km from the sea in a wide bend of the Suriname River. Many colonial buildings are typical for Paramaribo, such as Fort Zeelandia. As street life is typical of Paramaribo. You go to the market, this is a real experience. The people who sell something behind a stall of different races and ethnic groups.
Fort Zeelandia
A former Dutch fort, situated on the banks of the Suriname River. Since 2004 it is a museum.
Since 2002, the historic center of Paramaribo on the World Heritage List of UNESCO. UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. They have the aim of ensuring peace and security by promoting collaboration with several Member States. UNESCO's proposals include a list of World together.
St. Peter and Paul Cathedral is a listed building. Built entirely of wood, and therefore a problem child ?? ??. The cathedral is restored after a multifunctional. There is the grave of Peerke Donders, one by the Roman Catholic Church beatified Dutch clergyman.
There are many famous people born in Paramaribo,
Ruth Jacott, Edgar Davids, Humberto Tan and many others.

Nature

Suriname has various flora and fauna. The major part is covered with forest. This jungle is part of the largest tropical rainforest on earth: the Amazon rainforest, the bulk of which is in Brazil.
Many biologists visit the interior for studies or surveys.
Unfortunately, due to the deforestation and pollution caused by mining are threats to nature. In Suriname there is a long history in the field of nature conservation. There are several organizations working to protect nature, Stinasu, ?? s Lands Forestry and WWF-guiana ?? s.
Suriname has 11 nature reserves, one national park and four special management areas.

Tourism

Due to the political unrest there are many Surinamese emigrated to the Netherlands in 1975. The next few years tourism has been limited, Suriname was visited for the family. Tourism is growing in recent years to grow again.

Sights

Fort Nieuw Amsterdam: A fort which is strategically located at the point where the Commewijne river flows into the Suriname river and from where they flow into the ocean. Fort Nieuw Amsterdam in the 18th century to protect the plantations along the Commewijne river against pirates and other invaders.
Beach near Galibi Here are populations of giant tortoises. The locals call them Aitkanti. This is the leatherback turtle, the most common turtle.
Colakreek: His name He owes the dark brown water, but very clean partly because it comes from the interior. Many Surinamese people come here to relax for a day.
Independence Square: The square is named after independence in 1975. The colonial buildings that are doing here reminiscent of typical Dutch cities. There are several buildings made entirely of stone. The foundations of the wooden houses are often built of the same stone.
Suriname is a beautiful country with many cultures. You will find many forms of art and there are galleries where you can admire the works of artists, buildings and monumten. A country that you must see.
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