France is the oldest geo-political entity in Europe and has a fascinating political history. From the seventeenth century to the early nineteenth century, even the most powerful country in Europe. In 1848 the First French Republic was installed and was elected a president for the first time. More than 150 years later, François Hollande sits as the 24th president of France ...
First French Republic
Three years after the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789 the First French Republic was founded in 1792. It lasted until the start of the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon Bonaparte. Napoleon was crowned emperor in 1804 and ended it the period of the French Consulate and the French monarchy. After the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, the monarchy restored. This period is called the Restoration.
French Second Republic
After the July Monarchy forced the revolution of 1848 to King Louis-Philippe abdicated and the French Second Republic was installed. In this period, Louis Bonaparte, nephew of Napoleon I, the first president of France. A few years later he even became emperor.
Third French Republic
The French Third Republic was proclaimed after the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 against the Prussians, which happened in May 1871. The republic survived World War I but was replaced in 1940 by the Vichy regime of Marshal Philippe Pétain .
French Fourth Republic - Fifth French Republic
The Fourth Republic begins with the resignation of Charles de Gaulle weld president of the French government in 1946 and ends with the return of de Gaulle in French politics in 1958. In 1959 he became the first president of the Fifth Republic.
The 24 presidents of France from 1848