The MDGs

Miscellaneous Limbo55 August 23, 2016 1 0
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Eight international agreements ?? ?? What are the MDGs exactly? In 2000, leaders from 189 countries agreed to tackle the major global problems by 2015. There are eight specific goals: the Millennium. These goals are not suddenly fall from the sky, it's been long known that the problems identified in the Millennium Development Goals are very important to solve. It is new that there really agree on gema

MDG 1

The number of people living in extreme poverty in 2015 is at least halved compared to 1990. This means that in 2015 this number should be 600 million. In 1990 that globally 1.2 billion people.
In 2015, the number of hungry people have been halved. These are now about 800 million people, including 150 million children under five years. This makes them vulnerable to diseases, making every day so ?? s 24 000 people die. This object is not achieved z ?? n alone, but in cooperation with the other targets. Health care, a clean environment and access to quality education would save a lot.
It is very unevenly distributed in the world; while wealthy countries are becoming richer and richer, the poor undeveloped countries are steadily declining. It is important that this inequality disappears. The World Bank has calculated that there would be available for each person 15 euros per day if all the money is equally divided worldwide.

MDG 2

In 2015, all primary school children in all countries. At the moment, 1 in 5 children in developing countries do not attend school. They are often kept at home to help deliver in the household or a contribution to the family income.
It is estimated that there are around 250 million working children between 5 and 17 years. To prevent this, it is essential that education is compulsory and accessible. Thus people are trained not only, it goes against the child. Countless families can develop better in this way, meaning the life chances of all these people to increase, so the whole company does well.
Because it's just the way that parents can not do without the contribution of their children, should they meet with flexible schooltijden.Ook there should be more schools so that children living further away will no longer have to travel half a day, as it now it is sometimes the case. Tuition in many families in developing countries is a problem. Therefore also the school fees and books get a new, affordable price.

Millennium Development Goal 3

Millenium Goal 3 says that in 2015 men and women should be equal. Formally, they all have equal rights, as established in international human rights treaties, but in practice addresses this otherwise uit.De against girls and women must be reduced by ensuring that as many girls as boys go to school. In 2005, this should apply to primary and secondary schools and 2015 for secondary education.
In many countries boys to school than girls. Girls often have to help at home, doing housework and care for their little brothers and sisters. They are also kept at home because their parents do not find useful school for their daughters. These girls will marry later anyway, and what will they do? The household, so they can learn better now, because they do not count for this! Actually, this backlog for girls should be all caught up in 2005, but this is only successful in a few countries.
To achieve equality of women and men must also stop things like honor killings, genital mutilation and trafficking in women. Within the Dutch human rights policy get these issues special attention and are so under pressure from the Dutch government also reproductive and sexual rights of women high on the international political agenda come to be.

Millennium Development Goal 4

The number of children in the developing world dies before their fifth birthday should be reduced by two thirds in 2015 compared to 1990. Worldwide, currently more than 10 million children die before their fifth birthday. Differences are very great: in Africa 1 in 5 children die before their fifth birthday, in the Netherlands this one on the 200. The high infant mortality rate in Africa has many reasons. Communicable diseases such as AIDS are present in abundance. Children get all this at birth, and because drugs are scarce and expensive, the survival rate is low. But also diseases that can be easily remedied provide child: for instance diarrhea, measles, pneumonia and malaria. The medications are available in principle. However, these children do not get the medication they need. Therefore, it is important that drugs, vaccines and good health care be accessible to all, all over the world. In this way, diseases can be fought and the mortality rate can be reduced. There must also be provided for prevention and education. For example, diseases such as AIDS can be prevented.

Millennium Development Goal 5

Die each year more than half a million women from the consequences of their pregnancy. In the Millennium Development Goals states that maternal mortality by three quarters by 2015 should be reduced compared to 1990. In order to achieve this, reproductive and sexual rights for women is essential.
Because abortion in many countries it is not possible or extremely expensive, many mothers decide on abortion illegally commit to leave. This is extremely dangerous, because these doctors ?? ?? perform the abortion in a sterile, healthy manner. Therefore it is very important that safe abortions and contraceptives become available. Just as the right of women to decide about their own sexuality and whether or not to have children. Therefore the reduction of maternal mortality can only be achieved in conjunction with the third millennium, the equality of men and women.
In addition to the consequences of abortion, many mothers die from complications during or after delivery. Haemorrhaging, infections and high blood pressure are common causes of death that could be prevented with proper medical care and maternity care. The aim is therefore to find in 2015 90% of all deliveries with professional assistance instead. The improvement of sexual and reproductive rights is one of the most cost effective of all development-oriented investments, both personal, social and economic benefits can be achieved. And it is the desire of the poor themselves: if people have the opportunity, they will gladly enjoy better sexual and reproductive health. Practice shows that millions of people, especially women, have therefore opted for smaller families in the growing prosperity of the family.

Millennium Development Goal 6

Worldwide there are 39 million people infected with the HIV / AIDS virus. Most of it, 25 million people, live in Sub-Saharan Africa. In this region, AIDS is the leading cause of death. Another common cause of death in Africa is malaria. Of the 1 million people a year, 90% live in Africa.
AIDS and malaria are more than health. More than 15 million African children have lost one or both parents through AIDS. The negative consequences for society and the economic development of the affected countries are enormous.
In the Millennium Development Goals states that government leaders will work to prevent further spread of these diseases. To achieve this objective drugs vital. Existing drugs are priceless for most people in Africa. As a result, millions of people die unnecessarily.
Every day, worldwide, 14 000 new people infected by the HIV virus. To prevent this, good information and availability of condoms is necessary. In principle, the solution is simple: one condom can save a few lives.

MDG 7

In 2015 we must reach a sustainable environment. That could include sustainable development in the policies and development programs of all individual countries; further, we need to ensure that natural resources are being exhausted. Adequate and clean drinking water is essential for healthy living. More than a billion people in the world do not have this condition for a healthy life! Dehydration and infections therefore come under much for them. The consequence of this are 5 million deaths annually. The seventh MDG is therefore determined that the number of people without access to safe drinking water must be halved by 2015 compared to 1990. A bad environment also contributes to poverty. With a cleaner and thus better environment, poverty can also be fought. Air pollution, deforestation and depletion of farmland are also bad for the lives and health of people. A better environment translates into fewer deaths as a cause for example, polluted drinking water. Worldwide, about 900 million people living in slums. This number must be reduced, and the living conditions of people who need to be improved in slums. This saves a lot of deaths!

MDG 8

The first seven MDGs in developing countries to improve the situation of people. The eighth and final goal tells what rich countries can do to help the developing countries achieve the other Millennium Development Goals.
To achieve the MDGs rich countries should ensure that their policies in other areas do not have opposite effects. It is also important that all wealthy countries adhere to the 0.7% norm negotiated between the United Nations. This means that each country at least 0.7% of the Gross National Product spends on development cooperation. Unfortunately, there are few countries that adhere to this agreement.
The liberalization of the world has major consequences for local economies. Trade barriers hinder in some cases developing countries' access to Western markets. To developing countries should be given a fair chance to build a healthy and sustainable economy. A fair trade system is therefore part of the eighth MDG. Many developing countries have borrowed money from rich countries, banks and international institutions to finance projects. Because of this debt in many poor countries, there is talk of a debt crisis, countries are too deep into debt in order to develop economically and socially. The debt must be paid off after all, which is not enough money left over for other necessities such as education, health and infrastructure. Rich countries must help to find a solution to the debt crisis, which is another part of MDG 8.
You could say that one goal t / m 7 verwezelijkt must be by developing countries themselves. Goal 8 is a goal that developed countries can do something. This does not mean that these countries do not have to interfere with target 1 t / m 7. They can best provide support to developing countries, but developing countries will have to eventually achieve the goal itself.
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