The Muslim Brotherhood

Miscellaneous aizetron December 9, 2016 0 5
"Allah is our objective, the Prophet is our leader, the Koran is our law, jihad is our way. Dying for Allah is our highest hope." This is the credo of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was founded in 1928 in Ismailia in Egypt.

History of the movement

Hassan al-Banna, a schoolteacher, was the founder of the movement. Along with six others, he founded the religious, social and political movement. He wanted to return to the original Islam. Contemporary Islam was corrupted by Western influence, according to him. Sharia, Islamic law, and the Sunna should be applied to all aspects of life, from the government to everyday life. The group established schools, hospitals and mosques, and gave help to the poor.
The brotherhood grew at a breakneck pace. At the end of the forties, the group has grown to two million members and had the pan-Islamic ideas also spread beyond Egypt. Cairo was the center of the movement, and here they also recruited foreign members.

Ban on Muslim Brotherhood

In 1948, the police arrested a number of members of the organization, with documents from the "secret device" containing the names of the leaders of the movement. As a result, 32 leaders were arrested and searched offices. A month later, the Brotherhood was banned by Egyptian President Nokrashi. A member of the fraternity, the student Abdel Maguid, went on to murder Nokrashi. A month later, al-Banna was assassinated in Cairo by supporters of the president.
By now, the Muslim Brotherhood was alternately totally banned or condoned. Muslim Brothers carried out a failed assassination attempt on President Abdel Nasser, which led to a total ban. However, the Brotherhood denied being involved in the attack. Nasser's successor, Anwar al-Sadat promised to introduce Sharia law and dropped all captured Muslim brothers free. The Muslim Brotherhood lost confidence in him when he made peace with Israel. In 1981, Sadat was assassinated by extremists, who did not belong to the fraternity. Also under Mubarak made the Muslim Brotherhood are in a bad light, members were arrested or intimidated just before elections

Muslim brothers in the rest of the world

The Muslim Brotherhood now has branches all over the world, but especially in the Middle East very popular.
A country where the brotherhood played an important role Syria. Early Muslim brothers here were active. When the secular Baath Party came to power, they oppose it, especially when the party came more and more into the hands of Alewieten, making the conflict more religiously tinted. This led in 1982 to an uprising in Hama, which was bloodily beaten. Muslim brothers are still active in the country. The group has renounced violence but the death penalty remains in force for membership in the movement.
In Jordan the Muslim Brothers were never banned and for a long time it was even the only political group that was allowed. Meanwhile, the Islamic Action Front, the political party of the Jordanian Brotherhood, the largest party in the Jordanian parliament.
In Palestine, the fraternity had already become active. Out of this movement grew Hamas, a wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Ideas and ideals

The Muslim Brotherhood has as its ultimate goal to return to the times of the Caliphate, with a government based the Koran and the Sunna. Ideally, this empire should extend from Indonesia to Spain. Islam strives for social equality, the elimination of poverty and political freedom. They vigorously opposed colonialism and Western influences.
The brotherhood is based on Sunni Islam. The movement has over the years grown so huge that it is difficult clearly label to the members, some are quite liberal, others very conservative, some extremist. The move is seen as the first in the Islamic movement.