"Allah is our objective, the Prophet is our leader, the Koran is our law, jihad is our way. Dying for Allah is our highest hope." This is the credo of the Muslim Brotherhood, which was founded in 1928 in Ismailia in Egypt.
The brotherhood grew at a breakneck pace. At the end of the forties, the group has grown to two million members and had the pan-Islamic ideas also spread beyond Egypt. Cairo was the center of the movement, and here they also recruited foreign members.
By now, the Muslim Brotherhood was alternately totally banned or condoned. Muslim Brothers carried out a failed assassination attempt on President Abdel Nasser, which led to a total ban. However, the Brotherhood denied being involved in the attack. Nasser's successor, Anwar al-Sadat promised to introduce Sharia law and dropped all captured Muslim brothers free. The Muslim Brotherhood lost confidence in him when he made peace with Israel. In 1981, Sadat was assassinated by extremists, who did not belong to the fraternity. Also under Mubarak made the Muslim Brotherhood are in a bad light, members were arrested or intimidated just before elections
A country where the brotherhood played an important role Syria. Early Muslim brothers here were active. When the secular Baath Party came to power, they oppose it, especially when the party came more and more into the hands of Alewieten, making the conflict more religiously tinted. This led in 1982 to an uprising in Hama, which was bloodily beaten. Muslim brothers are still active in the country. The group has renounced violence but the death penalty remains in force for membership in the movement.
In Jordan the Muslim Brothers were never banned and for a long time it was even the only political group that was allowed. Meanwhile, the Islamic Action Front, the political party of the Jordanian Brotherhood, the largest party in the Jordanian parliament.
In Palestine, the fraternity had already become active. Out of this movement grew Hamas, a wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.
The brotherhood is based on Sunni Islam. The movement has over the years grown so huge that it is difficult clearly label to the members, some are quite liberal, others very conservative, some extremist. The move is seen as the first in the Islamic movement.
The Muslim Brotherhood