The philosophy of Voltaire

Miscellaneous Kravity August 8, 2016 0 0
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François-Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, was born in the metropolis Paris in 1694. His family was wealthy and grateful in higher circles. He came from a family of lawyers, and it was expected that he would bewerktstelligen a legal career. Voltaire rebelled and became a writer, something that shame brought about by his wealthy family. He continued throughout his life rebelling against everything for granted was considered. It brought him fame, recognition yet also woes.

The reason

Voltaire is impossible to classify, he simply oriented too broad and had every conceivable point of contention have an opinion. That view, however, knew it originated from reason. The reason was the hobbyhorse of Voltaire, this was already evident from the sense which is most associated with Voltaire; '' I do not agree with what you say, but I'll say it right to defend to the death the ''. This sentence is not a quotation from Voltaire, but Evelyn Beatrice him powerfully summarized in this way. He laid the foundation for freedom of expression today is anchored in our Constitution. Voltaire went twice to England because he was expelled from France by his critical lyrics he wrote about France and its monarchy, religious institutions and the pursuit of equality and freedom of expression. He saw England as more advanced than France, and praised John Locke and other empiricists, because they do not just accept everything as true.

Empiricism propels progress

According to Voltaire was proof that empiricism progress offers in simple phenomena of nature. Mothers from the Turkish highlands found they could sell their daughters into slavery for more money if they were not marked by scars from a severe variant of smallpox. A disease when wijdversprijd Europe many people mutilated. However, the milder form of smallpox brought forth less scarring, and one could easily healed. Furthermore, the Turkish mothers knew you as a result of an infection with the smallpox, your life long immune from any variant of this disease. The body learns the disease and find a way to get immune to it. The wife of the ambassador from England brought this knowledge to her country and people started with this slight variation to vaccinate. Ultimately resulting in drastically lower mortality rates. According to Voltaire hypotheses must always be exposed to the empirical data.

Influence and positions

Voltaire has been called "the father of the French enlightenment. He means a lot to the development of Western civilization and remains to this day an inspiration for thinkers and writers. He adored the English tolerance, recognition of the genius and the spread of church institutions. One church leads to tyranny, two leads to fighting and thirty churches steady herself. He touched the pinch in his work Lettres Anglaises inviting the British and French politics turned against each other. They would be contrary to French mores, religion or authority. The letters were ceremonially burned. Voltaire continued to decline in the following positions;
  • Defender of human rights
  • Religious tolerance
  • Against the Death Penalty
  • Hygienic stimulate progress
  • Striving for social justice
He expresses this time and again in his most famous works; Lettres philosophiques, Oedipe, Dictionnaire philosophique.

Deism

Voltaire was a follower of the religious-philosophical movement deism. The deistic philosophy states that the world was created by God, but that the laws of nature since then arrange the rest. God does not intervene, and is limited to creator. Deism gained popularity in the lights, partly because Voltaire these religious-philosophical movement popularized. Essentially attack God and nature, according to this ideology so together. Nature is created by God, but that does not mean that nature is God. Pantheism other hand it says that everything and everyone is God. God, according to this movement immanent and inclusive.
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