The treatment of diabetes type 1

Health ComedicBlade July 26, 2016 1 17
The treatment of diabetes type 1 consists, in contrast to the treatment of type 2 diabetes, mainly of a healthy maintain the level of insulin by means of diet and exercise by the administration of insulin to himself. In people with type 1 diabetes makes it physically because almost no insulin.

The treatment of diabetes type 1

In the treatment of diabetes type blood glucose is regulated by means of the power supply and by the use of insulin. In type 1 diabetes the body produces practically no insulin anymore. Even let your good at your diet, glucose will always rise slightly after eating. To get it back to the right level you have to administer insulin. This is usually done by a number of injections of insulin per day.
Our diet contains a lot of carbohydrates. These are digested in the intestine to glucose. Therefore you must make sure that the amount of glucose and carbohydrates in your body in balance. For many people, this takes a lot of effort and it was certainly get used to at first. However, you will automatically understand which products have what effect on your body and mind.

Treatment with insulin

The amount of insulin is usually stated in grams or milligrams. The amount of insulin is expressed in "International Units". The insulin must be kept cool, but frost-free. The insulin can be, for example, stored in the refrigerator. Insulin should be protected from direct sunlight.
Initiation of insulin
The wave movement is for everyone something else. It is important to mimic this wave movement as precisely as possible for an optimal treatment outcome. Think of things like:
  • The amount of injections per day
  • The timing of administering the injections
  • What type of insulin you use
  • How much insulin were administered

Different types of insulin
There are three different types of insulin. These are divided into short-acting insulin, intermediate-acting insulin and long-acting insulin. The difference in these species is that they are not as rapidly be absorbed into the blood and not even be degraded quickly. Short-acting insulin is easier to set up than long-acting insulin. There are also forms of premixed insulin.
Short-acting insulin:
  • Humalog
  • NovoRapid
  • Velosulin
  • Actrapid
  • Humulin Regular
  • Insulin Insufat
  • Penmix
  • Insuman Rapid

Long-acting insulin:
  • Lantus
  • Monotard
  • Ultratard


Insulin is mainly administered by people with type 1 diabetes, insulin may be administered in various manners to the lichaamm insulin, however, can not be taken by means of one or tablet. Most people have their insulin component by using the insulin pen.
Our pancreas provides continuous insulin. However, if one has eaten, the pancreas will secrete more insulin. The main task of insulin is to keep blood glucose levels under control.
Insulin syringes
Insulin can only be administered by injection. Until a few years ago, most people did this by using a syringe. However, this proved awkward to use, so most people today use the insulin pen. This device is very similar to an ordinary pen. However, instead of a writing point, the insulin pen has a needle-like point, and instead of ink cartridges insulin ampoules. This ampoule is usually called a pattern or penfill.
The insulin injection will be administered immediately under the skin. Insulin can be injected basically anywhere in the skin where the fat is and where no large blood vessels, nerves, muscles and bones are just under the skin. Insulin is then gradually into the blood. The insulin is after some time again degraded by the body. Therefore, multiple injections per day may be necessary.
Choice of several insulin pens
There are several types of insulin pens. In general, insulin pens proprietary, you can not just someone else ?? use insulin.
Most insulin pens can be used several times, but some are so-called disposable pens. The pins also differ in setting the amount of insulin. There are also insulin pens without needle. You can use these when you are very afraid of needles. With this kind of insulin pens, insulin with a very strong local pump insulin injected into the pores.
Insulin needles also come in different sizes. The right size depends, among other things, on the injection site, the injection technique, and the thickness of your subcutaneous tissue.
How to use an insulin pen?
  • Wash your hands
  • When the insulin is cloudy, do not shake it but turn the pen quietly 20 times over. When insulin is clear, it is ready for use
  • Insert the needle to the pen
  • Take the cap off the needle and syringe with one or two units of insulin the air in the needle
  • Set the correct amount of insulin in
  • Insert the needle under the skin, approximately to the plastic tip
  • Hold the pen firmly and press with the thumb on the button of the insulin pen
  • Keep the needle about 10 seconds in this position so that no insulin delivered can drip
  • Pull the needle out of the skin
  • Remove the needle immediately after use

  • When the insulin is at room temperature, your muscles relax and where you are going to inject you insert the needle into the skin quickly and does not change direction, you can somewhat reduce pain.
    Where you find the needle in the skin brings depends partly on the type of insulin. Inject the insulin always at the same time in the same part of the body.
    • Short-acting insulin can be injected to the best in the abdomen or upper arm
    • Middelang- and long-acting insulin you inject is the best in the buttock or thigh
    • Premixed insulin is best can always be painted in a different body. For example, choose two places and switch off ?? s this morning and at night ??

    Used needles can be handed in at the pharmacy. Insulin pens are available from, among others, the diabetes, the doctor or the pharmacy.
    Compensation insulin
    Insulin pens you get from the manufacturer of your insulin. The needles are reimbursed by the Exceptional Medical Expenses Act. The pre-filled disposable pens fall under the Medicines Reimbursement System and be fully refunded.

    The insulin pump

    An alternative to injections of insulin, the insulin pump. This pump is very suitable for people who are difficult to give the right amount of insulin to ask whether the injections forgotten. With insulin, the insulin can be very accurately controlled. The insulin pump contains a built-in needle. During the meal, one can administer, for example, an extra dose of insulin, this is called a bolus.
    The insulin pump is to ask the doctor or nurse. However, not everyone is eligible for an insulin pump. Insulin pumps are reimbursed by the EMEA, the parts but not all.
    Benefits Insulin Pump
    • Insulin can be administered accurately
    • The amount of insulin can be easily changed
    • One does not have to inject more
    • s ?? night, one is also provided with insulin

    Disadvantages insulin pump
    • The blood glucose is to be tested more frequently
    • The insulin pump can be destroyed
    • There may be an allergic reaction

    Adverse effect of insulin

    Like virtually all other insulin drugs can have side effects. These can be mild or severe. The adverse reactions should always be taken seriously. Most side effects are temporary and / or treatable.
    Hypoglycemia is a condition in which blood glucose is too low. Insulin lowers your blood sugar, which sometimes can lead to a hypo. A hypo is basically no side effect, but excessive activity of the insulin.
    Lipoatrophy in the fat layer under the skin thinner. This is mainly at places in the skin where you administer the insulin. Lipoatrophy may occur when you use long insulin and often in the same places administering insulin. You can avoid this by not always at the exact position you to administer insulin.
    Lipohypertrophy at the skin becomes thicker at the locations where they administer the insulin. This is because there is formed scar tissue under the skin. Injecting insulin can be more difficult in these places by the thicker skin. The insulin is no longer gradually released into the bloodstream, which can cause fluctuations in blood glucose levels.
    Insulin Allergy
    Some people have an allergic reaction to insulin. Here, the skin can redden, swell, itch and hurt. Sometimes the symptoms disappear when you switch to a different type of insulin, and otherwise when the amount of insulin is slowly built. Very rarely you should be treated with antihistamines.