Article about the Tasmania living thylacine or Tasmanian tiger, which is believed to be extinct in the 30s.
The thylacine or Tasmanian tiger is a predator believed to be extinct in 1936. The thylacine was to last for on the Australian island of Tasmania and is essentially wiped out by man. It was one of the larger carnivorous marsupials in Australia, the family to which it belongs is called the thylacine thylacine, a family of dasyuromorphia.
The thylacine gets its name from the fact that he looks like a canine. But the animal is not a family of wolves and other canines. Originally, no canines to the Australian continent, their place was so taken here by the thylacine. The thylacine had approximately the same role in the food system in Australia than the canines had for instance in North America. The name refers to the Tasmanian tiger stripes on the back of the animal. These stripes serve as camouflage in the woods. Furthermore, the animal has a long tail, kangaroo-like tail where the streaks somewhat run. In contrast with other marsupials in Australia is the case, the front and the rear legs of equal length.
The original habitat of the thylacine's except Tasmania from mainland Australia and the island of New Guinea. With the arrival of the Aborigines, about 5,000 years ago, who brought the dingo, the marsupial wolves died out on the mainland. The dingoes were held by Aborigines as a pet, but there also escaped animals ran wild. And because the dingo stood in the same place on the food chain than the thylacine, this additional competition for the pouch wolves meant it eventually had to succumb. This happened about two thousand years ago. Due to the isolated location was the thylacine populations on Tasmania maintain.
When Brittse peasants began to settle in Tasmania was soon over with the thylacine. They thought that these animals were a threat to their livestock and premiums were awarded for each dead specimen. Combined with an epidemic among marsupials, this was the final blow for the thylacine. The thylacine probably ate no large prey animals such as sheep, cows and kangaroos, but rather chicken and the like.
The last thylacine was captured in 1933. The animal was trapped in the zoo in Hobart, Tasmania. Three years later the most likely died from neglect. Only on July 10, 1936, the thylacine in Tasmania was legally protected. However, this was far too late, because presumably the sort was already as good as extinct. The captive thylacine namely died 59 days later, on September 7, 1936.
Yet still reports are regularly made that marsupial wolves have been seen or are found traces. However, it has never put a copy or captured on film, the messages are neither officially confirmed.
An Australian professor discovered a an embryo of a young female thylacine was preserved in alcohol since 1866. He launched in 1999 the idea to clone the pouch wolf in this way by means of DNA.
However, the DNA was found to be of such poor quality and so degraded that it is even not suitable to store in a DNA database. Although the plan is now on the table, the scientist hopes his plan in the future to carry out anyway.
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