In the field of culture, economy and transport Prague takes the main town in the Czech Republic. In the field of transport Prague is even a major European hub, almost all the highways that run through the Czech Republic come together in Prague. The historic center is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Prague is also one of the most tourist cities of Europe.
The city is an autonomous region. Prague is from the Netherlands and Belgium easily accessible by train, car or plane. For travel to the Czech Republic is obliged to carry a passport or identity card.
Prague has a continental climate. In summer 25 ° C is no exception and in winter the temperature often drops below freezing. The best times to visit Prague, the summer and the spring and autumn. The amount of rainfall is comparable with the Netherlands and Belgium.
After German occupation of Czechoslovakia was liberated at the end of World War II ?? ?? by the Red Army of the Soviet Union. The country came from bad to worse because a cummunistische government was installed. Czechoslovakia became a Russian satalite state. One of the absolute lows of the history of Prague is the Prague Spring. In the 60s, the Czechs had got tired of the communist dictatorship, there was little freedom of movement and the deteriorating economy.
In early 1968, a new political leader, Alexander Dubcek, he understands the feelings of citizens and follows a progressive-liberal course, within the communist framework. The communist censorship is lifted, freedom of speech is allowed and he wants to strengthen ties with the West. All to the delight of the Czechs, who in the form of open criticism of communism and demonstrations. The Russians and other Warsaw Pact countries saw this as a threat to communism and decided to act. In the early hours of August 21, 1968 why Warsaw Pact tanks into Prague, destroyed the radio station and made forcibly end the liberal revival of Prague and Czechoslovakia.
End communist rule
In 1989 it fell cummunistische system work and the restoration of democracy. In 1990 free elections were held. After the fall of communism and the Iron Curtain flared up separatist sentiments of the Slovaks again; in 44 years of harsh communist rule nationalistic sentiments were not tolerated. The Slovaks saw an opportunity and called on January 1, 1993 the independence of Slovakia. Since that date, Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. After the fall of communism was followed by a cultural and economic prosperity of Prague.
The Vltava river Prague originated on the Vltava River, which meanders through the city. The Vltava in Prague is approximately between 150 and 300 meters wide. In the river are several islands. The west bank of the Vltava is hilly and wooded, which gives a beautiful panarama from the center, the other is from the hills a beautiful view of the much lower old town. It is possible to take a boat trip on the Vltava. The old town lies on the east bank of the Vltava and belongs to the district Prague 1. Most attractions are located in the old city. Because of the long history of Prague and the influences of various countries and cultures exist throughout the centuries Prague from a mix of architectural styles from different periods, such as Barokk, gothic, nouveau, brutalist, neo-renaissance, Bohemian architecture, Czech cubism, Communist and modern architecture. Furthermore, Prague has more than 550 towers.
Prague citadel is located on the west bank of the Vltava in the Malá Strana district, within walking distance of downtown. The citadel is considered Prague's biggest tourist attraction and the high proximity to the center offers a beautiful view over the old city and the river. The construction of the citadel began in the year 880. With an area of 7.5 hectares is the largest citadel in the world. In the area of the citadel are several buildings and squares, including the St. Vitus Cathedral and the Royal Palace of Prague, this makes the citadel worth bezichtinging.
Wenceslas Square and National Museum
Wenceslas Square is located in the southeast of the center and has an elongated shape, namely a length of 700 meters and a width of 60 meters, making it one of the largest squares in Europe. Around the square are many shops, night and strip clubs and hotels located. In the square itself, there is often a market that continues into the evening. The square is also quite busy. There is a line from Prague's Wenceslas Square by subway below, there are three subway stations calling at the square. On the southeast side Wenceslas Square opens onto the ring road which runs through to the center. At the intersection is the imposing National Museum, the most important museum of the Czech Republic. On the other side of the square is the 1347 Gothic-style Church of Our Lady of the Snows.
Old Town Square
Old Town Square with the TýnkerkOld Town Square is Prague's central square. The square is located in the old town. Important buildings on the square are the Old Town Hall, Tyn and St. Nicholas Church. Around the square are also several café ?? s and restaurants.
The Tyn Church is located right on Old Town Square. The church was built in the 14th century and has two 80 meter high towers, making it a landmark in the skyline of Prague.
St. Nicholas Church
The St. Nicholas Church is located on Old Town Square. At this Baroque-style church has spent five years and was completed in 1737. The towers have green copper roofs.
Old Town Hall
The old town hall of Prague was built in 1338. The tower is 56 meters high and has a particular astronomical clock.
Jan Palach Square
The Jan Palach Square is a mash-like square, situated on the Vltava on the other side of the river lies the Prague citadel. Through the Mánesbrug the square is associated with Mala Strana. Landmarks of the square are the Rudolfinum concert hall and the building of the Charles University. The square is named after Jan Palach, the student who set himself on fire after the Russians had put an end to the Prague Spring.
Charles Bridge in the background Prague burchtDe 516-meter-long Charles Bridge is the most famous bridge in Prague. This bridge connects the Old Town with Mala Strana. With the construction of the stone bridge was begun in 1357 on the initiative of the Czech King Charles IV. On the bridge three towers to defend the bridge. This bridge is for pedestrians only.
The Powder Tower, or Powder Gate is a historic gate which indicates the historical boundary of the old city. The gate dates from 1485 and was built in Gothic style and is situated on the southeast side of the Old Town, approximately 300 meters west of the main station.
Church of the Holy Spirit
The Church of the Holy Spirit, built in Gothic style, dating from the 14th century. The church stands on the street ?? Du ní, north of Old Town Square.
- The ?? i ?? Žižkov TV tower is the tallest building in Prague, 216 meters high. The tower can be seen up to a height of 93 meters, it offers a magnificent view over the city. The tower stands in the area ?? i ?? kov, east of the main station.
- Charles Square, with an area of more than eight hectares one of the largest squares in the world. The square is located on the southeast side of the city center and is accessible via the metro station Karlovo náměstí.
- The Dancing House, an example of modern architecture, built in 1996, on the south side of downtown.
- Jerusalem synagogue, church from 1906, also located on the south side of downtown.
- The High Synagogue, 16th-century synagogue.
- Staronová synagoga 13th-century synagogue in Gothic style.
From the north of the Netherlands Prague without traffic jams to reach in about 8 ½ hours by car. The Czech part of the Prague-Dresden highway is approximately from 2011 ready. Until then there is still a lot to be detours on local roads, some additional costs about half an hour to an hour.
From Central and Southern Netherlands and Belgium, the trip takes about 7½ hours without traffic jams, however, the German A3 is a relatively congested road. The advantage is that from Germany to Prague ever used on highways can be made.
On Czech highways with toll sticker is required to drive, this can be purchased at the border and at petrol stations near the border. For a weekend, it is cheaper to buy a vignette for a weekend or two a day. The sticker must be stuck on the window, the police will check on this, who has no sticker on the window, can expect a fine of 200 crown + the cost of the vignette. The vignette is not so expensive, about 250 crown for seven days. The maximum speed is 130 kilometers per hour on highways, 90 km / h on normal roads and 50 km / h in urban areas. In the Czech Republic the traffic further been patchy. So it is not strange that anyone driving on the 150 freeway. It is also important to note that the alcohol level in the Czech Republic is 0!
Prague is from the Netherlands and Belgium also easily reached by train. There go day and night trains. A train journey takes about 13 hours. Regularly find there are some great deals.
By plane, the trip takes the shortest flight time is around five minutes to half hour. From the airport it takes about 20 minutes to reach the center by bus. Also by plane, there are some great deals regularly.
The German border police checks in the border region with conspicuous and inconspicuous car ?? s. So who thinks just a few grams of marijuana to bring to the Czech Republic that there is not prohibited, can get into trouble in Germany, at least, this results in a fine. Also, there are fireworks in the Czech Republic and certain weapons sales, which are also banned in Germany. The Germans have a habit of Dutch car ?? s in the border to pick out, to check the papers, frisking passengers and search the whole car. This is because the image is that Dutch drugs ever could have with him. Also in the train such controls, it said that they are more focused on determining the identity. But here too it may happen that the luggage is searched. Who has too many Czech cigarette with her little risk, the Policy is not active in directed back as long as it is for personal use. It will be a different story if you take 100 cartons.
The railways through Prague are all railways from the central or main station walk to places in the region or abroad. There are fewer stations than the subway and the train runs less frequently than the subway. For transportation within the city itself, the train is not so suitable. The train, however, can be a good alternative to see what places near Prague. The tickets are very cheap, it is also possible to buy tickets just without penalty at the conductor!
Tram, bus and metro
In Prague are tickets for sale that are valid for the metro, tram and bus. A normal ticket costs 26 crowns for 75 minutes during the day, 90 minutes ?? evenings and weekends. There is also an extra cheap ticket for 18 crowns. This ticket is valid for three underground stations or 20 minutes by tram or bus, but without the right to change.
A 24-hour ticket costs 100 crowns, a 72-hour ticket costs 300 crowns and a 120-hour ticket costs 500 crowns. The cards with exception of the business card of 18 crowns on all lines valid as long runs to their validity. Children under 14 receive a discount. Tickets are available from underground stations, tobacco shops and kiosks and must be stamped once in the stamping machine. Who does not have a valid ticket and is controlled, can expect to pay a fine of 800 crowns on the spot.
Tram and bus
In and around the city center is a dense network of bus and tram lines are also very freguent driving. Trams run from 4:30 am to 24:00 pm and buses run from 4:30 am to 00:30 pm. The advantage of buses and trams is that they ?? night also drive just got less frequent.
The ideal transport in and around the center is the subway. Prague has a subway system since 1974, this is almost entirely underground and is more frequent than the train and faster than the tram so. It runs from 05:00 to 24:00 every 4 to 10 minutes. The subway is ideal for medium to large distances in the city. For example if the hotel is off a piece of the center. Tickets must be purchased outside the subway station, the station is under an obligation to have a ticket.
If the taxi driver realizes he has to do a tourist, he charges a higher price than normal. Although the price is set by the city council, it is ignored by the drivers. Size advance a price agreement. If a driver more than 50 krona per kilometer ask, do not get on. This is about the price that the meter indicates, however, for foreign tourists. The price fixed by the city council is about half. But this kind of ?? tourist tax ?? is common in the Czech Republic and is therefore not acted against it.
In Prague walk on the street is street hookers around, offering their services for little money. However, it is not recommended to use it, as these whores are often drug addicts and do in unsafe sex.
Nor is it wise to ?? night walking alone through desolate areas, but that goes for any major city.
National Museum at the top of Wenceslas Square, very imposing building, constructed in 1818. The museum has the following departments:
- Pre- and protehistorie
- Classical Archaeology
- Veterinary Medicine
Jewish Museum, founded in 1906. The museum shows the history of the Jewish community in Prague. The Jewish Museum is located 200 meters north of Old Town Square near the Church of the Holy Spirit.
Museum Kampa Museum of Modern Art.
Museum of Applied Arts, founded in 1885. The museum was built in neo-renaissance style between 1897 and 1899 and became involved in 1900. The museum is located in the northwest of the center in the Josefov and has the following departments:
- Art glass, ceramics and porcelain
- Graphic arts and photography
- Textile art, fashion and toys
Muzeum Českého Kubismu, paintings, sculptures. The museum is gestigt in 1911 and located in the center, 200 meters east of Old Town Square.
Prague National Gallery, National Museum of painting and beeldhoukunst. The museum consists of several locations:
Music Museum, part of the National Museum. On the history of music and musical instruments
Museum of torture, this museum shows historical torture methods as well as the instruments of torture with which they were conducted. The museum is located directly east of the Charles Bridge.
The most famous theater of Prague's National Theatre. The theater is located at the south end of downtown. The theater consists of the departments of opera, ballet and drama and was opened by the Austro-Hungarian Crown Prince Rudolf. At the time, Czechoslovakia did not exist and was Prague in Austria-Hungary.
- State Theatre, opened in 1783, in the city center at the fruit market
- Rudolfinum concert hall at the Jan Palach Square
- State Opera, Opera in the Vinohrady district, next to the main station
In Prague, it is not a long search to find a restaurant or cafe. Czechs are fond of beer, there are also cafe ?? s galore. There is no smoking ban in restaurants. Most pubs, café ?? s and restaurants are located in the old center and west of the Charles Bridge. There are also at the center some casino ?? s. There are many underground pubs. Especially local pubs in backstreets are popular with local Pragenaren. Prices here are lower than the better known watering holes around the main streets.
To the east of the main station is the district ?? i ?? kov. These small class neighborhood is known as a nightlife district. This district has more than 300 entertainment options a very high density of brothels and strip clubs and cheap bars, café ?? s restaurants.
Well-known nightclubs in the center are Karlovy Lazne and Club Roxy. The discos are open until 5 o'clock ?? night.
There are also in Prague a few strip clubs and brothels.
A famous nightclub in Prague is Darling Cabaret. Here are performed strip shows, it is also possible to deal separately with the ladies. In the center stand stuffers handing out leaflets, but these give misleading information. The entrance fee is 300 crown, beer costs 50 crown until eleven o'clock, then it's 100 crown. It is advisable to really focus on the prize card when ordering, because there is also drinking at what is considerably more expensive, so for example cola costs 12 euros!
Besides stripping come along also becoming prostitutes offering their services. All the way costs 3000 crowns.
Wenceslas Square and its northwestern side streets Národni and Na Prikope are the main shopping center of Prague, there are many large stores and shopping centers located. Also, there are a lot hotels and casino ?? s. In the center are many small shops. Souvenir and clothing stores and jewelers. The prices are higher here than in surrounding areas.
To exchange money
Even when exchange can happen that one little crowns get back to the euro. So keep an eye on the current price. It's even better to pin just once on Czech soil at an ATM.
Some people say that Prague is a cheap city, other people argue again that this is not already the case. Especially for Czech concepts Prague is an expensive city. The price level in the center is comparable to the price level in Amsterdam. In general, the farther away from the center, the cheaper it gets. In the center you will pay at most pubs for a beer about ?? 2 to ?? 2,20. These are, however, pints or bottles. In some particularly local pubs the price can suddenly be very low, around 90 cents per pint. That's about the price applicable to the pubs outside the center, where fewer tourists. Local beer on tap is also much cheaper than bottled beer, while the quality is all right. The price of food is slightly lower than in the Netherlands and Belgium.
In the Czech Republic, the prevalent idea that people from Western Europe are richer than Czechs, so it is not unusual for there to be used in the Czech Republic at nightspots two prizes, a prize for Czechs and Slovaks and a price for tourists. The price of the tourist is obviously much higher and is shown in figures, while the price for the Czechs is written in Czech, of course, so for the majority of tourists is not read. Also taxi ?? s apply such a system, the meter can at the Czech state and the tourists stand. This system is tolerated in the Czech Republic.
It is usual to leave a tip in a restaurant of about 10% of the bill.