Vercingetorix Caesars tease

Miscellaneous rlawlsgh275 August 7, 2016 0 0
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The year 52 v. Chr. The political climate in Rome is very restless and while Caesar in Italy, the only show a few years in Gaul tribes subjected their chance to get rid of Roman authority. At the head of the uprising was a charismatic Gaul who brought a very young age hundreds of thousands of Gauls in the leg.

Subjugation and rebellion

Gaius Julius Caesar was since 58 v. Chr. in his capacity as Governor of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis, current Provence, engaged in the conquest of Gaul. After this he was largely successful, he had to deal with the rebellion of the Belgian Ambiorix. Where this uprising was initially successful, the uprising was limited to a number of tribes in present-day Belgium. Caesar was when he arrived, the rebellion quickly quell and took the opportunity to set an example for the rest of the recently conquered Gaul. The area of ​​the strains was completely destroyed and one of the strains in question, the Eburones, was completely wiped off from the card.
Convinced that Gaul was now fully gepacifeerd, Caesar turned his attention to other matters. It rumbled in Rome. One of the tribunes, a kindred spirit of Caesar who had supported him unflinchingly during his absence in Rome, was murdered. Caesar was intention is to go there now personally, interfering with a plan for a campaign in Illyria in mind, he had traveled to Cisalpine Gaul, northern Italy, to educate new troops and at the same time closer to the political arena in Rome to be.

Person

The figure of Vercingetorix was the years for nationalistic purposes extremely idealized. The fact is that there is not much about the notorious Gallic king is known regarding his parentage or his childhood. What we do know is that he came from the tribe of the Arverni, who lived in central France and was one of the most powerful tribes of Gaul. He belonged in this strain to the administrative elite. The urge to unify the Gallic tribes, Vercingetorix was not a stranger. His father, Celtillus was already by his own tribe killed because he tried to bring together all the tribes.
Even when Vercingetorix his first attempts undertook a Gallic alliance, this was not exactly welcomed. Indeed, when he was full of love he and his uncle by the local nobility in the capital city of Arverni, Gergovia, exiled. Vercingetorix did not give up and lifted an army with which he invaded Gergovia. Under pressure from the army Vercingetorix was proclaimed king.

Chance

With Roman commander Caesar in Italy, Vercingetorix sees his chance. Ambiorix where a few years earlier was not successful, succeed the charismatic Vercingetorix indeed a large number of Gallic tribes to win. Charisma, however, was not the only quality that had Vercingetorix, because he proved himself a very capable commander. He manages to avoid a direct confrontation with the Roman legions and limited to lightning attacks, with light, mobile Gallic troops are just as fast as they appeared. He also successfully used the tactic of scorched earth, which he much of the Gallic countryside were put on fire. Coupled with the fact that the Gauls always disrupted the supply lines of the Roman army, the legions were in trouble with their food.
Vercingetorix ?? campaign, however, did not know nothing but success. For example, the Romans managed to conquer the capital of one of the tribes involved. All residents, so ?? n 120 000 were killed. There also arose discontent among the Gallic nobles who were tired of always avoiding the fight. They wanted to take revenge on the Romans.

Gergovia

It finally came to a clash in the capital of the Arverni, Gergovia, where Vercingetorix had entrenched. Situated on a plateau Gergovia was extremely difficult to take fortress. Caesar was aware of this, but soon saw it Gergovia food depended on a smaller fortress, not far from Gergovia. In a night attack, he took this settlement without too much effort in and pitched two legions. Now it would be only a matter of time before the Gauls, deprived of food and water, would surrender.
Vercingetorix was not to catch one hole. Even before the siege of Gergovia, because he had the Aedui, a tribe that was loyal to Rome, convinced to join the uprising. In the area of ​​the Aedui had now broken out a large-scale rebellion and every Roman who dared set foot there was murdered. The area of ​​the Aedui was in Caesar ?? s hinterland, and Caesar could not afford to have a rebellious people between him and his food supplies. He was therefore obliged to up hastily lift the siege of Gergovia. He ordered the two legions which he had taken the smaller settlement in position and pulled with the rest of his army to the Aedui.
While Caesar was busy with the rebellion, Vercingetorix was with his forces the two remaining legions, who were heavily outnumbered. The two legions were returned scarcely bear to Caesar with the rest of the army, but had suffered heavy losses. Caesar realized that it was impossible to take Gergovia and his only option was to lure out Vercingetorix of the plateau. He therefore ordered his forces to attack the Vercingetorix command, but he gave shortly after the order to withdraw, in the hope that Vercingetorix his troops would follow. The order to retreat, however, was not heard by some of the troops who were isolated and heavy losses. Caesar decided to leave this for what it was the siege and withdraw to the area of ​​the Aedui.

Alesia

The Gauls were without doubt the moral winner of the battle of Gergovia, but this was not without cost. Vercingetorix had lost about a third of his army into battle and was forced to retreat to Alesia. When Caesar heard of his plans, he marched straight up to Alesia and began a siege. He circled the city with fortifications, so that no chicken in or out could. Caesar found himself, however, in the middle of enemy territory and Vercingetorix had been informed in time his Gallic allies. These allies erected a huge liberation army of 80,000 men. When Caesar heard this, he immediately set up a second ring of fortifications, which was directed outward this time.
The soldiers and the people of Alesia came in the meantime starving. As a last resort, some tribes decided to send their wives and children out of the city, hoping that Caesar passage would grant these noncombatants. Caesar, however, remained adamant, he left no one by the women and children were forced to go into the city.
However, soon arrived the liberation army. A cousin of Vercingetorix was in charge of this army, and he soon found a weak spot in the fortifications that were built and it fell to the Romans immediately. Caesar trusted initially that his experienced legionnaires led by his loyal commander Labienus. Overwhelmed by the sheer volume Gauls, but the state line at breaking point and in a last desperate attempt Caesar personally lead a detachment of cavalry to the Gauls back and covered them in the back. At the sight of their commander, the game puts his own life, grasp Caesar ?? s loyal Legionnaires courage and fight twice as hard on. Panic arose also a master of the Gauls, who gave up the fight and fled. In the disordered flight of thousands of them were killed.
Vercingetorix saw from Alesia how his liberation army evaporated before his eyes. With the starvation of his people as the only other option, he decided to surrender. He would be discharged in chains to Rome, where he would rot away six years in the mamertine prison before being executed. With him died the last bit of Gallic resistance.
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